Since GHC 7.4, constraints are first-class: we have the constraint
kind, and thus type-classes have a kind of form `k -> Constraint`

,
or `k -> l -> m -> ... -> Constraint`

for a multi-param type class.
Such type-level functions can be used as arguments to data types, or
as instances for other type classes.

For any given arity, the constraint-valued functions form a semigroup
with respect to “constraint intersection”, which Haskell supports with
tuple syntax, e.g.

```
type NewCstrt¹ a = (Cstrt¹₀ a, Cstrt¹₁ a)
```

means that `NewCstrt¹ :: * -> Constraint`

requires that for
any given parameter both `Cstrt¹₀`

and `Cstrt¹₁`

be fulfilled.
It is intuitive enough that this type-level semigroup can be extended
to a monoid, but out of the box this is only possible for arity 0,
i.e. for `Cstrt⁰ :: Constraint`

```
(Cstrt⁰, ()) ~ ((), Cstrt⁰) ~ Cstrt⁰
```

For higher arity, this would require type-level lambdas, like for
`Cstrt² :: * -> * -> Constraint`

```
(Cstrt², \a b -> ()) ~ (\a b -> (), Cstrt²) ~ Cstrt²
```

which is not valid Haskell syntax. It is easy enough to define the
lambdas in an ad-hoc manner as

```
type Unconstrained² a b = ()
```

and then

```
(Cstrt², Unconstrained²) ~ (Unconstrained², Cstrt²) ~ Cstrt²
```

This library provides those *trivial constraints* in
a single, documented place, and it uses classes instead of
type-synonyms (which would be problematic when it comes to partial
application). Arities 0-9 are provided.

They can be useful in any construction that is parameterised over a
constrainer-class, when you do *not* wish to actually constrain the
domain with it.

The other thing this library provides are the opposite classes,
i.e. `\a b ... -> Impossible`

, constraints which can *never* be
fulfilled. They are essentially dual to the `Unconstrained`

ones,
and can likewise be useful as parameters that should completely
“disable” a conditional feature.