A tool to generate missing import statements for Haskell modules. http://github.com/haskell-suite/halberd/

Latest on Hackage:

This package is not currently in any snapshots. If you're interested in using it, we recommend adding it to Stackage Nightly. Doing so will make builds more reliable, and allow stackage.org to host generated Haddocks.

BSD3 licensed by Erik Hesselink, Simon Meier, Tom Lokhorst, Roman Cheplyaka
Maintained by hesselink@gmail.com

Halberd: generating imports

Halberd is a tool to help you add missing imports to your Haskell source files. With it, you can write your source without imports, call Halberd, and just paste in the import lines.

Currently, it tries to automatically choose an import if there is a single sensible option. If it can’t, it will prompt you with a simple menu. After running, it prints the imports, which you need to copy manually. Editor integration is planned.

The imports generated are either qualified, if the unbound function looks like M.lookup, or explicit, if it looks like void.


As an example, say you have written the following (nonsensical and type incorrect) Haskell file called test.hs:

main :: IO Int8
main = do
    forM_ [1,2] $ \x -> print $ M.lookup x table
    liftM id $ return $ headNote "Impossible" [10]

table :: M.Map String Int8
table = M.fromList [("Odeca", 1), ("Hackathon",2)]

You can run Halberd on this by running halberd test.hs. It will prompt you with three questions:

1) Control.Monad
2) Data.Foldable

1) Data.List
2) GHC.List
3) Prelude
4) Data.IntMap
5) Data.IntMap.Lazy
6) Data.IntMap.Strict
7) Data.Map
8) Data.Map.Lazy
9) Data.Map.Strict

1) Data.Int
2) Foreign
3) Foreign.Safe
4) GHC.Int

After making the choices by typing 1, 7 and 1, it generated the folling output:

------------- Could not find import for -------------
 - headNote

-------- Insert these imports into your file --------

import qualified Data.Map as M
import Control.Monad ( forM_, liftM )
import Data.Int ( Int8 )

As you can see, it didn’t ask questions about M.Map, M.fromList, liftM and the second usage of Int8. It figured these out either because of previous choices, or because there was only a single option.


Halberd uses the Haskell Suite packages (haskell-src-exts, haskell-packages and haskell-names) for parsing, name resolution and finding exposed identifiers of packages. While these can be installed from hackage, generating databases of names for new packages currently needs a custom version of the cabal install executable. See the documentation for haskell-names for more details.

To install Halberd, just do

cabal install halberd

This will give you a halberd executable that takes a single argument, the file to generate imports for. By default, it only draws names from base. If you want to add more names, use hs-gen-iface from the haskell-names package.


Halberd is still in an unfinished state. Some planned improvements are:

  • Smarter automatic choices.
  • Editor integration.
  • Easier installation of name databases (haskell-names).
  • Integration with existing imports.
  • Better choice UI.
  • Choices based on type information (haskell-type-exts).

Contributions are welcome!

* Allow haskell-src-exts 1.16.
* Allow haskell-names 0.4.
* Fix missing cases when using haskell-src-exts 1.15.
* Allow mtl 2.2.
* Allow Cabal 1.20.*.
* Allow haskell-src-exts 1.15.
* Allow base 4.7 (GHC 7.8).
* Allow haskell-names 0.3.
* Remove hardcoded path from source.
* Relax Cabal constraint.
* Remove halberd constraint. It made the last version unbuildable.

* Actual order independent choosing.
* Added test cases.
* Refactored code.

* Include needed modules.
* Smarter, order-independent auto-choosing.

* Initial release
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