In favour of


Conversion between markup formats

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GPL licensed by John MacFarlane
Maintained by Peter Simons
% Pandoc User's Guide
% John MacFarlane
% March 20, 2010

Pandoc is a [Haskell] library for converting from one markup format to
another, and a command-line tool that uses this library. It can read
[markdown] and (subsets of) [reStructuredText], [HTML], and [LaTeX]; and
it can write plain text, [markdown], [reStructuredText], [HTML], [LaTeX],
[ConTeXt], [RTF], [DocBook XML], [OpenDocument XML], [ODT], [GNU Texinfo],
[MediaWiki markup], [groff man] pages, and [S5] HTML slide shows.
Pandoc's enhanced version of markdown includes syntax for footnotes,
tables, flexible ordered lists, definition lists, delimited code blocks,
superscript, subscript, strikeout, title blocks, automatic tables of
contents, embedded LaTeX math, and markdown inside HTML block elements.
(These enhancements can be disabled if a drop-in replacement for
`` is desired.)

In contrast to most existing tools for converting markdown to HTML, which
use regex substitutions, Pandoc has a modular design: it consists of a
set of readers, which parse text in a given format and produce a native
representation of the document, and a set of writers, which convert
this native representation into a target format. Thus, adding an input
or output format requires only adding a reader or writer.

[DocBook XML]:
[OpenDocument XML]:
[MediaWiki markup]:
[groff man]:
[GNU Texinfo]:

© 2006-2010 John MacFarlane (jgm at berkeley dot edu). Released under the
[GPL], version 2 or greater. This software carries no warranty of
any kind. (See COPYRIGHT for full copyright and warranty notices.)
Other contributors include Recai Oktaş, Paulo Tanimoto, Peter Wang,
Andrea Rossato, Eric Kow, infinity0x, Luke Plant, shreevatsa.public,
rodja.trappe, Bradley Kuhn, thsutton, Justin Bogner.

[GPL]: "GNU General Public License"

Using Pandoc

If you run `pandoc` without arguments, it will accept input from
stdin. If you run it with file names as arguments, it will take input
from those files. By default, `pandoc` writes its output to stdout.[^1]
If you want to write to a file, use the `-o` option:

pandoc -o hello.html hello.txt

[^1]: The exception is for `odt`. Since this is a binary output format,
an output file must be specified explicitly.

Note that you can specify multiple input files on the command line.
`pandoc` will concatenate them all (with blank lines between them)
before parsing:

pandoc -s ch1.txt ch2.txt refs.txt > book.html

(The `-s` option here tells `pandoc` to produce a standalone HTML file,
with a proper header, rather than a fragment. For more details on this
and many other command-line options, see below.)

Instead of a filename, you can specify an absolute URI. In this
case pandoc will attempt to download the content via HTTP:

pandoc -f html -t markdown

The format of the input and output can be specified explicitly using
command-line options. The input format can be specified using the
`-r/--read` or `-f/--from` options, the output format using the
`-w/--write` or `-t/--to` options. Thus, to convert `hello.txt` from
markdown to LaTeX, you could type:

pandoc -f markdown -t latex hello.txt

To convert `hello.html` from html to markdown:

pandoc -f html -t markdown hello.html

Supported output formats include `markdown`, `latex`, `context`
(ConTeXt), `html`, `rtf` (rich text format), `rst`
(reStructuredText), `docbook` (DocBook XML), `opendocument`
(OpenDocument XML), `odt` (OpenOffice text document), `texinfo`, (GNU
Texinfo), `mediawiki` (MediaWiki markup), `man` (groff man), and `s5`
(which produces an HTML file that acts like powerpoint).

Supported input formats include `markdown`, `html`, `latex`, and `rst`.
Note that the `rst` reader only parses a subset of reStructuredText
syntax. For example, it doesn't handle tables, option lists, or
footnotes. But for simple documents it should be adequate. The `latex`
and `html` readers are also limited in what they can do.

If you don't specify a reader or writer explicitly, `pandoc` will
try to determine the input and output format from the extensions of
the input and output filenames. Thus, for example,

pandoc -o hello.tex hello.txt

will convert `hello.txt` from markdown to LaTeX. If no output file
is specified (so that output goes to stdout), or if the output file's
extension is unknown, the output format will default to HTML.
If no input file is specified (so that input comes from stdin), or
if the input files' extensions are unknown, the input format will
be assumed to be markdown unless explicitly specified.

Character encodings

All input is assumed to be in the UTF-8 encoding, and all output
is in UTF-8 (unless your version of pandoc was compiled using
GHC 6.12 or higher, in which case the local encoding will be used).
If your local character encoding is not UTF-8 and you use
accented or foreign characters, you should pipe the input and output
through [`iconv`]. For example,

iconv -t utf-8 source.txt | pandoc | iconv -f utf-8 > output.html

will convert `source.txt` from the local encoding to UTF-8, then
convert it to HTML, then convert back to the local encoding,
putting the output in `output.html`.



The standard Pandoc installation includes `markdown2pdf`, a wrapper
around `pandoc` and `pdflatex` that produces PDFs directly from markdown
sources. The default behavior of `markdown2pdf` is to create a file with
the same base name as the first argument and the extension `pdf`; thus,
for example,

markdown2pdf sample.txt endnotes.txt

will produce `sample.pdf`. (If `sample.pdf` exists already,
it will be backed up before being overwritten.) An output file
name can be specified explicitly using the `-o` option:

markdown2pdf -o book.pdf chap1 chap2

If no input file is specified, input will be taken from stdin.
All of `pandoc`'s options will work with `markdown2pdf` as well.

`markdown2pdf` assumes that `pdflatex` is in the path. It also
assumes that the following LaTeX packages are available:
`unicode`, `fancyhdr` (if you have verbatim text in footnotes),
`graphicx` (if you use images), `array` (if you use tables),
and `ulem` (if you use strikeout text). If they are not already
included in your LaTeX distribution, you can get them from
[CTAN]. A full [TeX Live] or [MacTeX] distribution will have all of
these packages.


A user who wants a drop-in replacement for `` may create
a symbolic link to the `pandoc` executable called `hsmarkdown`. When
invoked under the name `hsmarkdown`, `pandoc` will behave as if the
`--strict` flag had been selected, and no command-line options will be
recognized. However, this approach does not work under Cygwin, due to
problems with its simulation of symbolic links.

[CTAN]: "Comprehensive TeX Archive Network"
[TeX Live]:

Command-line options

Various command-line options can be used to customize the output.
For further documentation, see the `pandoc(1)` man page.

`-f`, `--from`, `-r`, or `--read` *format*
: specifies the input format (the format Pandoc will be converting
*from*). *format* can be `native`, `markdown`, `rst`, `html`, or
`latex`. (`+lhs` can be appended to indicate that the input should
be treated as literate Haskell source. See
[Literate Haskell support](#literate-haskell-support), below.)

`-t`, `--to`, `-w`, or `--write` *format*
: specifies the output format -- the format Pandoc will
be converting *to*. *format* can be `native`, `html`, `s5`,
`docbook`, `opendocument`, `latex`, `context`, `markdown`, `man`,
`plain`, `rst`, and `rtf`. (`+lhs` can be appended to indicate that
the output should be treated as literate Haskell source. See
[Literate Haskell support](#literate-haskell-support), below.)

`-s` or `--standalone`
: indicates that a standalone document is to be produced (with
appropriate headers and footers), rather than a fragment.

`-o` or `--output` *filename*
: sends output to *filename*. If this option is not specified,
or if its argument is `-`, output will be sent to stdout.
(Exception: if the output format is `odt`, output to stdout
is disabled.)

`-p` or `--preserve-tabs`
: causes tabs in the source text to be preserved, rather than converted
to spaces (the default).

`--tab-stop` *tabstop*
: sets the number of spaces per tab to *tabstop* (defaults to 4).

: specifies that strict markdown syntax is to be used, without
pandoc's usual extensions and variants (described below). When the
input format is HTML, this means that constructs that have no
equivalents in standard markdown (e.g. definition lists or strikeout
text) will be parsed as raw HTML.

: causes reference-style links to be used in markdown
and reStructuredText output. By default inline links are used.

`-R` or `--parse-raw`
: causes the HTML and LaTeX readers to parse HTML codes and LaTeX
environments that it can't translate as raw HTML or LaTeX. Raw HTML can
be printed in markdown, reStructuredText, HTML, and S5 output; raw LaTeX
can be printed in markdown, reStructuredText, LaTeX, and ConTeXt output.
The default is for the readers to omit untranslatable HTML codes and
LaTeX environments. (The LaTeX reader does pass through untranslatable
LaTeX *commands*, even if `-R` is not specified.)

`-C` or `--custom-header` *filename*
: can be used to specify a custom document header. Implies `--standalone`.
*Note: this option is deprecated. Use of `--template` is preferred.*

`--toc` or `--table-of-contents`
: includes an automatically generated table of contents (or, in the
case of `latex`, `context`, and `rst`, an instruction to create
one) in the output document. This option has no effect with `man`,
`docbook`, or `s5` output formats.

`--base-header-level` *level*
: specifies the base level for headers (defaults to 1).

: uses *file* as a custom template for the generated document. Implies
`-s`. See [Templates](#templates) below for a description
of template syntax. If this option is not used, a default
template appropriate for the output format will be used. See also

`-V` *key=val*, `--variable=`*key:val*
: sets the template variable *key* to the value *val* when rendering the
document in standalone mode. This is only useful when the
`--template` option is used to specify a custom template, since
pandoc automatically sets the variables used in the default

`-c` or `--css` *filename*
: allows the user to specify a custom stylesheet that will be linked to
in HTML and S5 output. This option can be used repeatedly to include
multiple stylesheets. They will be included in the order specified.
Implies `--standalone`.

`-H` or `--include-in-header` *filename*
: includes the contents of *filename* (verbatim) at the end of the
document header. This can be used, for example, to include special
CSS or javascript in HTML documents. This option can be used
repeatedly to include multiple files in the header. They will be
included in the order specified. Implies `--standalone`.

`-B` or `--include-before-body` *filename*
: includes the contents of *filename* (verbatim) at the beginning of
the document body (e.g. after the `<body>` tag in HTML, or the
`\begin{document}` command in LaTeX). This can be used to include
navigation bars or banners in HTML documents. This option can be
used repeatedly to include multiple files. They will be included in
the order specified. Implies `--standalone`.

`-A` or `--include-after-body` *filename*
: includes the contents of *filename* (verbatim) at the end of
the document body (before the `</body>` tag in HTML, or the
`\end{document}` command in LaTeX). This option can be be used
repeatedly to include multiple files. They will be included in the
order specified. Implies `--standalone`.

`--reference-odt` *filename*
: uses the specified file as a style reference in producing an ODT.
For best results, the reference ODT should be a modified version
of an ODT produced using pandoc. The contents of the reference ODT
are ignored, but its stylesheets are used in the new ODT. If no
reference ODT is specified on the command line, pandoc will look
for a file `reference.odt` in the user data directory (see
`--data-dir`, below). If it is not found there, sensible defaults
will be used.

`-D` or `--print-default-template` *format*
: prints the default template for an output *format*. (See `-t`
for a list of possible *format*s.)

`-T` or `--title-prefix` *string*
: includes *string* as a prefix at the beginning of the title that
appears in the HTML header (but not in the title as it appears at
the beginning of the HTML body). (See below on
[Title Blocks](#title-blocks).) Implies `--standalone`.

`-S` or `--smart`
: causes `pandoc` to produce typographically correct output, along the
lines of John Gruber's [Smartypants]. Straight quotes are converted
to curly quotes, `---` to dashes, and `...` to ellipses. Nonbreaking
spaces are inserted after certain abbreviations, such as "Mr."
(Note: This option is only significant when the input format is
`markdown`. It is selected automatically when the output format is
`latex` or `context`.)

`-m`*[url]* or `--latexmathml`*[=url]*
: causes `pandoc` to use the [LaTeXMathML] script to display
TeX math in HTML or S5. If a local copy of `LaTeXMathML.js` is
available on the webserver where the page will be viewed, provide a
*url* and a link will be inserted in the generated HTML or S5. If
no *url* is provided, the contents of the script will be inserted
directly; this provides portability at the price of efficiency. If
you plan to use math on several pages, it is much better to link to
a copy of `LaTeXMathML.js`, which can be cached. (See `--jsmath`,
`--gladtex`, and `--mimetex` for alternative ways of dealing with
math in HTML.)

: causes `pandoc` to convert all TeX math to MathML.
In standalone mode, a small javascript will be inserted that allows
the MathML to be viewed on some browsers.

: causes `pandoc` to use the [jsMath] script to display
TeX math in HTML or S5. The *url* should point to the jsMath load
script (e.g. `jsMath/easy/load.js`). If it is provided, a link to it
will be included in the header of standalone HTML documents.
(See `--latexmathml`, `--mimetex`, and `--gladtex` for alternative
ways of dealing with math in HTML.)

: causes TeX formulas to be enclosed in `<eq>` tags in HTML or S5 output.
This output can then be processed by [gladTeX] to produce links to
images with the typeset formulas. (See `--latexmathml`, `--jsmath`, and
`--mimetex` for alternative ways of dealing with math in HTML.)

: causes TeX formulas to be replaced by `<img>` tags linking to the
[mimeTeX] CGI script, which will produce images with the typeset
formulas. (See `--latexmathml`, `--jsmath`, and `--gladtex` for alternative
ways of dealing with math in HTML.)

`-i` or `--incremental`
: causes all lists in S5 output to be displayed incrementally by
default (one item at a time). The normal default is for lists to be
displayed all at once.

: creates LaTeX outut suitable for processing by XeTeX.

`-N` or `--number-sections`
: causes sections to be numbered in LaTeX, ConTeXt, or HTML output.
By default, sections are not numbered.

: disables text-wrapping in output. By default, text is wrapped
appropriately for the output format.

: sanitizes HTML (in markdown or HTML input) using a whitelist.
Unsafe tags are replaced by HTML comments; unsafe attributes
are omitted. URIs in links and images are also checked against a
whitelist of URI schemes.

: specifies a method for obfuscating `mailto:` links in HTML documents.
*none* leaves `mailto:` links as they are. *javascript* obfuscates
them using javascript. *references* obfuscates them by printing their
letters as decimal or hexadecimal character references. If `--strict`
is specified, *references* is used regardless of the presence
of this option.

: specifies a prefix to be added to all automatically generated identifiers
in HTML output. This is useful for preventing duplicate identifiers
when generating fragments to be included in other pages.

: specifies classes to use for indented code blocks--for example,
`perl,numberLines` or `haskell`. Multiple classes may be separated
by spaces or commas.

: specifies the user data directory to search for pandoc data files.
If this option is not specified, the default user data directory
will be used:


in unix and

C:\Documents And Settings\USERNAME\Application Data\pandoc

in Windows. A reference ODT, `templates` directory, `s5` directory
placed in this directory will override pandoc's normal defaults.

: is intended to make it easier to create wrapper scripts that use
Pandoc. It causes Pandoc to dump information about the arguments
with which it was called to stdout, then exit. The first line
printed is the name of the output file specified using the `-o`
or `--output` option, or `-` if output would go to stdout. The
remaining lines, if any, list command-line arguments. These will
include the names of input files and any special options passed
after ` -- ` on the command line. So, for example,

pandoc --dump-args -o foo.html -s foo.txt \
appendix.txt -- -e latin1

will cause the following to be printed to stdout:

foo.html foo.txt appendix.txt -e latin1

: causes Pandoc to ignore all command-line arguments.
Regular Pandoc options are not ignored. Thus, for example,

pandoc --ignore-args -o foo.html -s foo.txt -- -e latin1

is equivalent to

pandoc -o foo.html -s

`-v` or `--version`
: prints the version number to STDERR.

`-h` or `--help`
: prints a usage message to STDERR.



When the `-s/--standalone` option is used, pandoc uses a template to
add header and footer material that is needed for a self-standing
document. To see the default template that is used, just type

pandoc -D FORMAT

where `FORMAT` is the name of the output format. A custom template
can be specified using the `--template` option. You can also override
the system default templates for a given output format `FORMAT`
by putting a file `templates/FORMAT.template` in the user data
directory (see `--data-dir`, above).

Templates may contain *variables*. Variable names are sequences of
alphanumerics, `-`, and `_`, starting with a letter. A variable name
surrounded by `$` signs will be replaced by its value. For example,
the string `$title$` in


will be replaced by the document title.

To write a literal `$` in a template, use `$$`.

Some variables are set automatically by pandoc. These vary somewhat
depending on the output format, but include:

: contents specified by `-C/--custom-header`
: contents specified by `-H/--include-in-header` (may have multiple
: non-null value if `--toc/--table-of-contents` was specified
: contents specified by `-B/--include-before-body` (may have
multiple values)
: contents specified by `-A/--include-after-body` (may have
multiple values)
: body of document
: title of document, as specified in title block
: author of document, as specified in title block (may have
multiple values)
: date of document, as specified in title block

Variables may be set at the command line using the `-V/--variable`
option. This allows users to include custom variables in their

Templates may contain conditionals. The syntax is as follows:


This will include `X` in the template if `variable` has a non-null
value; otherwise it will include `Y`. `X` and `Y` are placeholders for
any valid template text, and may include interpolated variables or other
conditionals. The `$else$` section may be omitted.

When variables can have multiple values (for example, `author` in
a multi-author document), you can use the `$for$` keyword:

<meta name="author" content="$author$" />

You can optionally specify a separator to be used between
consecutive items:

$for(author)$$author$$sep$, $endfor$

Pandoc's markdown vs. standard markdown

In parsing markdown, Pandoc departs from and extends [standard markdown]
in a few respects. Except where noted, these differences can
be suppressed by specifying the `--strict` command-line option.

[standard markdown]:
"Markdown syntax description"

Backslash escapes

Except inside a code block or inline code, any punctuation or space
character preceded by a backslash will be treated literally, even if it
would normally indicate formatting. Thus, for example, if one writes


one will get


instead of


This rule is easier to remember than standard markdown's rule,
which allows only the following characters to be backslash-escaped:


A backslash-escaped space is parsed as a nonbreaking space. It will
appear in TeX output as '`~`' and in HTML and XML as '`\&#160;`' or

A backslash-escaped newline (i.e. a backslash occurring at the end of
a line) is parsed as a hard line break. It will appear in TeX output as
'`\\`' and in HTML as '`<br />`'. This is a nice alternative to
markdown's "invisible" way of indicating hard line breaks using
two trailing spaces on a line.

Subscripts and superscripts

Superscripts may be written by surrounding the superscripted text by `^`
characters; subscripts may be written by surrounding the subscripted
text by `~` characters. Thus, for example,

H~2~O is a liquid. 2^10^ is 1024.

If the superscripted or subscripted text contains spaces, these spaces
must be escaped with backslashes. (This is to prevent accidental
superscripting and subscripting through the ordinary use of `~` and `^`.)
Thus, if you want the letter P with 'a cat' in subscripts, use
`P~a\ cat~`, not `P~a cat~`.


To strikeout a section of text with a horizontal line, begin and end it
with `~~`. Thus, for example,

This ~~is deleted text.~~

Nested Lists

Pandoc behaves differently from standard markdown on some "edge
cases" involving lists. Consider this source:

1. First
2. Second:
- Fee
- Fie
- Foe

3. Third

Pandoc transforms this into a "compact list" (with no `<p>` tags around
"First", "Second", or "Third"), while markdown puts `<p>` tags around
"Second" and "Third" (but not "First"), because of the blank space
around "Third". Pandoc follows a simple rule: if the text is followed by
a blank line, it is treated as a paragraph. Since "Second" is followed
by a list, and not a blank line, it isn't treated as a paragraph. The
fact that the list is followed by a blank line is irrelevant. (Note:
Pandoc works this way even when the `--strict` option is specified. This
behavior is consistent with the official markdown syntax description,
even though it is different from that of ``.)

Ordered Lists

Unlike standard markdown, Pandoc allows ordered list items to be marked
with uppercase and lowercase letters and roman numerals, in addition to
arabic numerals. (This behavior can be turned off using the `--strict`
option.) List markers may be enclosed in parentheses or followed by a
single right-parentheses or period. They must be separated from the
text that follows by at least one space, and, if the list marker is a
capital letter with a period, by at least two spaces.[^2]

[^2]: The point of this rule is to ensure that normal paragraphs
starting with people's initials, like

B. Russell was an English philosopher.

do not get treated as list items.

This rule will not prevent

(C) 2007 Joe Smith

from being interpreted as a list item. In this case, a backslash
escape can be used:

(C\) 2007 Joe Smith

Pandoc also pays attention to the type of list marker used, and to the
starting number, and both of these are preserved where possible in the
output format. Thus, the following yields a list with numbers followed
by a single parenthesis, starting with 9, and a sublist with lowercase
roman numerals:

9) Ninth
10) Tenth
11) Eleventh
i. subone
ii. subtwo
iii. subthree

Note that Pandoc pays attention only to the *starting* marker in a list.
So, the following yields a list numbered sequentially starting from 2:

(2) Two
(5) Three
1. Four
* Five

If default list markers are desired, use '`#.`':

#. one
#. two
#. three

Definition lists

Pandoc supports definition lists, using a syntax inspired by
[PHP Markdown Extra] and [reStructuredText]:[^3]

Term 1

: Definition 1

Term 2 with *inline markup*

: Definition 2

{ some code, part of Definition 2 }

Third paragraph of definition 2.

Each term must fit on one line, which may optionally be followed by
a blank line, and must be followed by one or more definitions.
A definition begins with a colon or tilde, which may be indented one
or two spaces. A term may have multiple definitions, and each definition
may consist of one or more block elements (paragraph, code block, list,
etc.), each indented four spaces or one tab stop.

If you leave space after the definition (as in the example above),
the blocks of the definitions will be considered paragraphs. In some
output formats, this will mean greater spacing between term/definition
pairs. For a compact definition list, do not leave space between the
definition and the next term:

Term 1
~ Definition 1
Term 2
~ Definition 2a
~ Definition 2b

[^3]: I have also been influenced by the suggestions of [David Wheeler](

[PHP Markdown Extra]:

Reference links

Pandoc allows implicit reference links with just a single set of
brackets. So, the following links are equivalent:

1. Here's my [link]
2. Here's my [link][]


(Note: Pandoc works this way even if `--strict` is specified, because
`` 1.0.2b7 allows single-bracket links.)


Pandoc's markdown allows footnotes, using the following syntax:

Here is a footnote reference,[^1] and another.[^longnote]

[^1]: Here is the footnote.

[^longnote]: Here's one with multiple blocks.

Subsequent paragraphs are indented to show that they
belong to the previous footnote.

{ some.code }

The whole paragraph can be indented, or just the first
line. In this way, multi-paragraph footnotes work like
multi-paragraph list items.

This paragraph won't be part of the note, because it isn't indented.

The identifiers in footnote references may not contain spaces, tabs,
or newlines. These identifiers are used only to correlate the
footnote reference with the note itself; in the output, footnotes
will be numbered sequentially.

The footnotes themselves need not be placed at the end of the
document. They may appear anywhere except inside other block elements
(lists, block quotes, tables, etc.).

Inline footnotes are also allowed (though, unlike regular notes,
they cannot contain multiple paragraphs). The syntax is as follows:

Here is an inline note.^[Inlines notes are easier to write, since
you don't have to pick an identifier and move down to type the

Inline and regular footnotes may be mixed freely.


Two kinds of tables may be used. Both kinds presuppose the use of
a fixed-width font, such as Courier.

Simple tables look like this:

Right Left Center Default
------- ------ ---------- -------
12 12 12 12
123 123 123 123
1 1 1 1

Table: Demonstration of simple table syntax.

The headers and table rows must each fit on one line. Column
alignments are determined by the position of the header text relative
to the dashed line below it:[^4]

- If the dashed line is flush with the header text on the right side
but extends beyond it on the left, the column is right-aligned.
- If the dashed line is flush with the header text on the left side
but extends beyond it on the right, the column is left-aligned.
- If the dashed line extends beyond the header text on both sides,
the column is centered.
- If the dashed line is flush with the header text on both sides,
the default alignment is used (in most cases, this will be left).

[^4]: This scheme is due to Michel Fortin, who proposed it on the
[Markdown discussion list](

The table must end with a blank line, or a line of dashes followed by
a blank line. A caption may optionally be provided (as illustrated in
the example above). A caption is a paragraph beginning with the string
`Table:`, which will be stripped off.

The column headers may be omitted, provided a dashed line is used
to end the table. For example:

------- ------ ---------- -------
12 12 12 12
123 123 123 123
1 1 1 1
------- ------ ---------- -------

When headers are omitted, column alignments are determined on the basis
of the first line of the table body. So, in the tables above, the columns
would be right, left, center, and right aligned, respectively.

Multiline tables allow headers and table rows to span multiple lines
of text. Here is an example:

Centered Default Right Left
Header Aligned Aligned Aligned
----------- ------- --------------- -------------------------
First row 12.0 Example of a row that
spans multiple lines.

Second row 5.0 Here's another one. Note
the blank line between

Table: Here's the caption. It, too, may span
multiple lines.

These work like simple tables, but with the following differences:

- They must begin with a row of dashes, before the header text
(unless the headers are omitted).
- They must end with a row of dashes, then a blank line.
- The rows must be separated by blank lines.

In multiline tables, the table parser pays attention to the widths of
the columns, and the writers try to reproduce these relative widths in
the output. So, if you find that one of the columns is too narrow in the
output, try widening it in the markdown source.

Headers may be omitted in multiline tables as well as simple tables:

----------- ------- --------------- -------------------------
First row 12.0 Example of a row that
spans multiple lines.

Second row 5.0 Here's another one. Note
the blank line between

Table: Here's a multiline table without headers.

It is possible for a multiline table to have just one row, but the row
should be followed by a blank line (and then the row of dashes that ends
the table), or the table may be interpreted as a simple table.

Delimited Code blocks

In addition to standard indented code blocks, Pandoc supports
*delimited* code blocks. These begin with a row of three or more
tildes (`~`) and end with a row of tildes that must be at least
as long as the starting row. Everything between the tilde-lines
is treated as code. No indentation is necessary:

{code here}

Like regular code blocks, delimited code blocks must be separated
from surrounding text by blank lines.

If the code itself contains a row of tildes, just use a longer
row of tildes at the start and end:

code including tildes

Optionally, you may specify the language of the code block using
this syntax:

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ {.haskell .numberLines}
qsort [] = []
qsort (x:xs) = qsort (filter (< x) xs) ++ [x] ++
qsort (filter (>= x) xs)

Some output formats can use this information to do syntax highlighting.
Currently, the only output format that uses this information is HTML.

If pandoc has been compiled with syntax highlighting support, then the
code block above will appear highlighted, with numbered lines. (To see
which languages are supported, do `pandoc --version`.)

If pandoc has not been compiled with syntax highlighting support, the
code block above will appear as follows:

<pre class="haskell">

Images with captions

An image occurring by itself in a paragraph will be rendered as
a figure with a caption.[^5] (In LaTeX, a figure environment will be
used; in HTML, the image will be placed in a `div` with class
`figure`, together with a caption in a `p` with class `caption`.)
The image's alt text will be used as the caption.

![This is the caption](/url/of/image.png)

[^5]: This feature is not yet implemented for RTF, OpenDocument, or
ODT. In those formats, you'll just get an image in a paragraph by
itself, with no caption.

If you just want a regular inline image, just make sure it is not
the only thing in the paragraph. One way to do this is to insert a
nonbreaking space after the image:

![This image won't be a figure](/url/of/image.png)\

Title blocks

If the file begins with a title block

% title
% author(s) (separated by semicolons)
% date

it will be parsed as bibliographic information, not regular text. (It
will be used, for example, in the title of standalone LaTeX or HTML
output.) The block may contain just a title, a title and an author,
or all three elements. If you want to include an author but no
title, or a title and a date but no author, you need a blank line:

% Author

% My title
% June 15, 2006

The title may occupy multiple lines, but continuation lines must
begin with leading space, thus:

% My title
on multiple lines

If a document has multiple authors, the authors may be put on
separate lines with leading space, or separated by semicolons, or
both. So, all of the following are equivalent:

% Author One
Author Two

% Author One; Author Two

% Author One;
Author Two

The date must fit on one line.

All three metadata fields may contain standard inline formatting
(italics, links, footnotes, etc.).

Title blocks will always be parsed, but they will affect the output only
when the `--standalone` (`-s`) option is chosen. In HTML output, titles
will appear twice: once in the document head -- this is the title that
will appear at the top of the window in a browser -- and once at the
beginning of the document body. The title in the document head can have
an optional prefix attached (`--title-prefix` or `-T` option). The title
in the body appears as an H1 element with class "title", so it can be
suppressed or reformatted with CSS. If a title prefix is specified with
`-T` and no title block appears in the document, the title prefix will
be used by itself as the HTML title.

The man page writer extracts a title, man page section number, and
other header and footer information from the title line. The title
is assumed to be the first word on the title line, which may optionally
end with a (single-digit) section number in parentheses. (There should
be no space between the title and the parentheses.) Anything after
this is assumed to be additional footer and header text. A single pipe
character (`|`) should be used to separate the footer text from the header
text. Thus,


will yield a man page with the title `PANDOC` and section 1.

% PANDOC(1) Pandoc User Manuals

will also have "Pandoc User Manuals" in the footer.

% PANDOC(1) Pandoc User Manuals | Version 4.0

will also have "Version 4.0" in the header.

Markdown in HTML blocks

While standard markdown leaves HTML blocks exactly as they are, Pandoc
treats text between HTML tags as markdown. Thus, for example, Pandoc
will turn

<td>[a link](</td>


<td><a href="">a link</a></td>

whereas `` will preserve it as is.

There is one exception to this rule: text between `<script>` and
`</script>` tags is not interpreted as markdown.

This departure from standard markdown should make it easier to mix
markdown with HTML block elements. For example, one can surround
a block of markdown text with `<div>` tags without preventing it
from being interpreted as markdown.

Header identifiers in HTML

Each header element in pandoc's HTML output is given a unique
identifier. This identifier is based on the text of the header. To
derive the identifier from the header text,

- Remove all formatting, links, etc.
- Remove all punctuation, except underscores, hyphens, and periods.
- Replace all spaces and newlines with hyphens.
- Convert all alphabetic characters to lowercase.
- Remove everything up to the first letter (identifiers may
not begin with a number or punctuation mark).
- If nothing is left after this, use the identifier `section`.

Thus, for example,

Header Identifier
------------------------------------- ---------------------------
Header identifiers in HTML `header-identifiers-in-html`
*Dogs*?--in *my* house? `dogs--in-my-house`
[HTML], [S5], or [RTF]? `html-s5-or-rtf`
3. Applications `applications`
33 `section`

These rules should, in most cases, allow one to determine the identifier
from the header text. The exception is when several headers have the
same text; in this case, the first will get an identifier as described
above; the second will get the same identifier with `-1` appended; the
third with `-2`; and so on.

These identifiers are used to provide link targets in the table of
contents generated by the `--toc|--table-of-contents` option. They
also make it easy to provide links from one section of a document to
another. A link to this section, for example, might look like this:

See the section on [header identifiers](#header-identifiers-in-html).

Note, however, that this method of providing links to sections works
only in HTML.

Blank lines before headers and blockquotes

Standard markdown syntax does not require a blank line before a header
or blockquote. Pandoc does require this (except, of course, at the
beginning of the document). The reason for the requirement is that
it is all too easy for a `>` or `#` to end up at the beginning of a
line by accident (perhaps through line wrapping). Consider, for

I like several of their flavors of ice cream: #22, for example, and


Anything between two $ characters will be treated as TeX math. The
opening $ must have a character immediately to its right, while the
closing $ must have a character immediately to its left. Thus,
`$20,000 and $30,000` won't parse as math. If for some reason
you need to enclose text in literal $ characters, backslash-escape
them and they won't be treated as math delimiters.

TeX math will be printed in all output formats. In Markdown,
reStructuredText, LaTeX, and ConTeXt output, it will appear verbatim
between $ characters.

In reStructuredText output, it will be rendered using an interpreted
text role `:math:`, as described

In Texinfo output, it will be rendered inside a `@math` command.

In groff man output, it will be rendered verbatim without $'s.

In MediaWiki output, it will be rendered inside `<math>` tags.

In RTF, Docbook, and OpenDocument output, it will be rendered, as far as
possible, using unicode characters, and will otherwise appear verbatim.
Unknown commands and symbols, and commands that cannot be dealt with
this way (like `\frac`), will be rendered verbatim. So the results may
be a mix of raw TeX code and properly rendered unicode math.

In HTML and S5 output, the way math is rendered will depend on the
command-line options selected:

1. The default is to render TeX math as far as possible using unicode
characters, as with RTF, Docbook, and OpenDocument output. Formulas
are put inside a `span` with `class="math"`, so that they may be
styled differently from the surrounding text if needed.

2. If the `--latexmathml` option is used, TeX math will be displayed
between $ or $$ characters and put in `<span>` tags with class `LaTeX`.
The [LaTeXMathML] script will be used to render it as formulas.
(This trick does not work in all browsers, but it works in Firefox.
In browsers that do not support LaTeXMathML, TeX math will appear
verbatim between $ characters.)

3. If the `--jsmath` option is used, TeX math will be put inside
`<span>` tags (for inline math) or `<div>` tags (for display math)
with class `math`. The [jsMath] script will be used to render

4. If the `--mimetex` option is used, the [mimeTeX] CGI script will
be called to generate images for each TeX formula. This should
work in all browsers. The `--mimetex` option takes an optional URL
as argument. If no URL is specified, it will be assumed that the
mimeTeX CGI script is at `/cgi-bin/mimetex.cgi`.

5. If the `--gladtex` option is used, TeX formulas will be enclosed
in `<eq>` tags in the HTML output. The resulting `htex` file may then
be processed by [gladTeX], which will produce image files for each
formula and an `html` file with links to these images. So, the
procedure is:

pandoc -s --gladtex myfile.txt -o myfile.htex
gladtex -d myfile-images myfile.htex
# produces myfile.html and images in myfile-images

Inline TeX

Inline TeX commands will be preserved and passed unchanged to the
LaTeX and ConTeXt writers. Thus, for example, you can use LaTeX to
include BibTeX citations:

This result was proved in \cite{jones.1967}.

Note that in LaTeX environments, like

Age & Frequency \\ \hline
18--25 & 15 \\
26--35 & 33 \\
36--45 & 22 \\ \hline

the material between the begin and end tags will be interpreted as raw
LaTeX, not as markdown.

Inline LaTeX is ignored in output formats other than Markdown, LaTeX,
and ConTeXt.

Producing S5 with Pandoc

Producing an [S5] web-based slide show with Pandoc is easy. A title
page is constructed automatically from the document's title block (see
above). Each section (with a level-one header) produces a single slide.
(Note that if the section is too big, the slide will not fit on the page;
S5 is not smart enough to produce multiple pages.)

Here's the markdown source for a simple slide show, `eating.txt`:

% Eating Habits
% John Doe
% March 22, 2005

# In the morning

- Eat eggs
- Drink coffee

# In the evening

- Eat spaghetti
- Drink wine

To produce the slide show, simply type

pandoc -w s5 -s eating.txt > eating.html

and open up `eating.html` in a browser.

Note that by default, the S5 writer produces lists that display
"all at once." If you want your lists to display incrementally
(one item at a time), use the `-i` option. If you want a
particular list to depart from the default (that is, to display
incrementally without the `-i` option and all at once with the
`-i` option), put it in a block quote:

> - Eat spaghetti
> - Drink wine

In this way incremental and nonincremental lists can be mixed in
a single document.

Note: the S5 file produced by pandoc with the `-s/--standalone` option
embeds the javascript and CSS required to show the slides. Thus it
does not depend on any additional files: you can send the HTML file to
others, and they will be able to view the slide show just by opening
it. However, if you intend to produce several S5 slide shows, and you
are displaying them on your own website, it is better to keep the S5
javascript and CSS files separate from the slide shows themselves, so
that they may be cached. The best approach in this case is to use pandoc
without the `-s` option to produce the body of the S5 document, which
can then be inserted into an HTML template that links to the javascript
and CSS files required by S5. (See the instructions on the S5 website.)
Alternatively, you may use `-s` together with the `--template`
option to specify a custom template.

You can change the style of the slides by putting customized CSS files
in `$DATADIR/s5/default`, where `$DATADIR` is the user data directory
(see `--data-dir`, above). The originals may be found in pandoc's system
data directory (generally `$CABALDIR/pandoc-VERSION/s5/default`). Pandoc
will look there for any files it does not find in the user data

Literate Haskell support

If you append `+lhs` to an appropriate input or output format (`markdown`,
`rst`, or `latex` for input or output; `html` for output only), pandoc
will treat the document as literate Haskell source. This means that

- In markdown input, "bird track" sections will be parsed as Haskell
code rather than block quotations. Text between `\begin{code}`
and `\end{code}` will also be treated as Haskell code.

- In markdown output, code blocks with class `haskell` will be
rendered using bird tracks, and block quotations will be
indented one space, so they will not be treated as Haskell code.
In addition, headers will be rendered setext-style (with underlines)
rather than atx-style (with '#' characters). (This is because ghc
treats '#' characters in column 1 as introducing line numbers.)

- In restructured text input, "bird track" sections will be parsed
as Haskell code.

- In restructured text output, code blocks with class `haskell` will
be rendered using bird tracks.

- In LaTeX input, text in `code` environments will be parsed as
Haskell code.

- In LaTeX output, code blocks with class `haskell` will be rendered
inside `code` environments.

- In HTML output, code blocks with class `haskell` will be rendered
with class `literatehaskell` and bird tracks.


pandoc -f markdown+lhs -t html

reads literate Haskell source formatted with markdown conventions and writes
ordinary HTML (without bird tracks).

pandoc -f markdown+lhs -t html+lhs

writes HTML with the Haskell code in bird tracks, so it can be copied
and pasted as literate Haskell source.


pandoc (

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Fixed uniqueIdent in Shared so that header identifiers work as
advertized in the README and are are valid XHTML names.

pandoc (1.5.1)

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Fixed treatment of unicode characters in URIs.
+ Shared now exports escapeURI and unescapeURI. These handle
UTF8 encoding and decoding as well as URI escaping/unescaping.
+ Shared: uri and emailAddress now return a pair of the original
parsed text and the escaped URI (in the latter case, with
the mailto: prefix).
+ HTML reader: unsanitaryURI has been modified to allow unicode
high characters in a URI.
+ Readers: All link and image URIs are now escaped using
+ Markdown and RST writers: unescapeURI is used so that URIs
in these formats are human-readable.

* Setup.hs: Don't assume that the build directory is "dist".
Instead, get it from localBuildInfo.

* OpenDocument writer: Use a Map for stTextStyleAttr.
This avoids duplicates (and invalid xml). Resolves Issue #222.

pandoc (

[ John MacFarlane ]

* HTML writer: Fixed error in math writer (with MathML option)
that caused an infinite loop for unparsable MathML.

pandoc (1.5)

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Added --mathml option. When this is selected, pandoc will convert
TeX math into MathML.
+ Added data/MathMLinHTML.js, which is included when no URL is
provided for --mathml. This allows MathML to be displayed (in
better browsers) as text/html.
+ Removed Text.Pandoc.LaTeXMathML. The module was no longer
necessary; it was replaced by two lines in pandoc.hs.
+ Replaced LaTeXMathML.js.commend and LaTeXMathML.js.packed with a
single combined file, LaTeXMathML.js.

* Added --data-dir option.
This specifies a user data directory. If not specified, will default
to ~/.pandoc on unix or Application Data\pandoc on Windows.
Files placed in the user data directory will override system default
data files.

* Added Maybe datadir parameter to readDataFile, saveOpenDocumentAsODT,
latexMathMLScript, s5HeaderIncludes, and getDefaultTemplate. If
Nothing, no user directory is searched for an override.

* Added 'plain' output format. This is similar to markdown, but
removes links, pictures, inline formatting, and most anything that
looks even vaguely markupish. The function writePlain is exported by
Text.Pandoc.Writers.Markdown, with which it shares most of its code.

* Allow multi-line titles and authors in meta block.
Titles may span multiple lines, provided continuation lines
begin with a space character. Separate authors may be put on
multiple lines, provided each line after the first begins with
a space character. Each author must fit on one line. Multiple
authors on a single line may still be separated by a semicolon.
Based on a patch by Justin Bogner.

* When given an absolute URI as parameter, pandoc will try to fetch
the content via HTTP. So you can do:
'pandoc -r html -w markdown'
Adds dependency on HTTP.

* Made HTML reader much more forgiving.
+ Incorporated idea (from HXT) that an element can be closed
by an open tag for another element.
+ Javascript is partially parsed to make sure that a <script>
section is not closed by a </script> in a comment or string.
+ More lenient non-quoted attribute values.
Now we accept anything but a space character, quote, or <>.
This helps in parsing e.g.!
+ Bare & signs are now parsed as a string. This is a common
HTML mistake.
+ Skip a bare < in malformed HTML.

* Removed html2markdown and hsmarkdown.
+ html2markdown is no longer needed, since you can now pass URI
arguments to pandoc and directly convert web pages. (Note,
however, that pandoc assumes the pages are UTF8. html2markdown
made an attempt to guess the encoding and convert them.)
+ hsmarkdown is pointless -- a large executable that could be
replaced by 'pandoc --strict'.

* In most writers, an image in a paragraph by itself is now rendered
as a figure, with the alt text as the caption. (Texinfo, HTML, RST,
MediaWiki, Docbook, LaTeX, ConTeXt, HTML.) Other images are
rendered inline.

* Depend on extensible-exceptions. This allows pandoc to be compiled
on GHC 6.8.

* Added --base-header-level option. For example, --base-header-level=2
will change level 1 headers to level 2, level 2 to level 3, etc.
Closes Debian #563416.

* Incomplete support for RST tables (simple and grid).
Thanks to Eric Kow. Colspans and rowspans not yet supported.

* Added accessors (docTitle, docAuthors, docDate) to Meta type.

* MediaWiki writer: format links with relative URLs as wikilinks.
The new rule: If the link target is an absolute URL, an external
link is created. Otherwise, a wikilink is created.

* Text.Pandoc.Shared: Export uniqueIdent, and don't allow tilde in
identifier. Note: This may break links to sections that involve

* Markdown(+lhs) reader: handle "inverse bird tracks."
Inverse bird tracks (<) are used for haskell example code that is not
part of the literate Haskell program. Resolves Issue #211.

* LaTeX reader:
+ Recognize '\ ' (interword space).
+ Recognize nonbreaking space '~'.
+ Ignore \section, \pdfannot, \pdfstringdef. Ignore alt title in
section headers. Don't treat \section as inline LaTeX.
Resolves Issue #202.
+ LaTeX reader: allow any special character to be escaped.
Resolves Issue #221.
+ LaTeX reader: treat \paragraph and \subparagraph as level 4, 5
headers. Resolves Issue #207.

* Use template variables for include-before/after.
+ These options now imply -s; previously they worked also in fragment
+ Users can now adjust position of include-before and include-after
text in the templates.
+ Default position of include-before moved back (as it was before 1.4)
before table of contents.
+ Resolves Issue #217.

* Don't print an empty table header: (all writers).
Resolves Issue #210.

* HTML, Docbook writer: Use tbody, thead, and cols in tables.

* HTML writer: Don't include TOC div if table of contents is empty.

* Markdown writer: Fixed citations.
Previously the markdown writer printed raw citation codes, e.g.
[geach1970], rather than the expanded citations provided by
citeproc, e.g. (Geach 1970). Now it prints the expanded citations.
This means that the document produced can be processed as a markdown
document without citeproc. Thanks to dsanson for reporting, and
Andrea Rossato for the patch.

* Improved and simplified title block in context template.
Previously it caused an error if there was no title.
This method should also be easier for users to customize.

* Markdown reader:
+ Treat p., pp., sec., ch., as abbreviations in smart mode.
+ Disallow blank lines in inline code span.
+ Allow footnotes to be indented < 4 spaces.
This fixes a regression. A test case has been added.
+ Escape spaces in URLs as %20. Previously they were incorrectly
escaped as +, which is appropriate only for the query part of
a URL. Resolves Issue #220.
+ Require two spaces after capital letter + period for list item.
Otherwise "E. coli" starts a list. This might change the semantics
of some existing documents, since previously the two-space
requirement was only enforced when the second word started
with a capital letter. But it is consistent with the existing
documentation and follows the principle of least surprise.
Resolves Issue #212.

* LaTeX template: redefine labelwidth when using enumerate package.
Otherwise the list labels (numbers) often extend past the left
margin, which looks bad.

* Mediawiki writer: Don't print a "== Notes ==" header before
references. This is too English-centric. Writers can provide their
own header at the end of the document.

* Promoted mediawiki headers. '= head =' is now level 1, '== head =='
level 2, etc. This seems to be correct; it's only by convention
that wikipedia articles have level 2 headers at most.
Patch due to Eric Kow.

* RunTests.hs: Set LANG to a UTF-8 locale. Use 'pandoc --data-dir=' so
data files don't need to have been installed. This removes the need to
set HOME.

* HTML reader:
+ Handle spaces before <html>. Resolves Issue #216.
+ Be forgiving in parsing a bare list within a list.
The following is not valid xhtml, but the intent is clear:
We'll treat the <ol> as if it's in a <li>. Resolves Issue #215.

* Updated INSTALL instructions. cabal method is now promoted.

* Updated markdown2pdf man page. It no longer says all pandoc options
are accepted.

* README/man pages: Removed advice to pipe through tidy before HTML
reader. This is obsolete, now that we have a forgiving HTML parser.

* LaTeX writer: set numbersections template variable, so
the section numbering options work again.

* Removed obsolete Makefile.

* Website: renamed -> index.txt.

* New batch file to make-windows-installer.
+ Removed old
+ Added make-windows-installer.bat
+ Modified default installer name in pandoc-setup.iss

* Removed freebsd and macports directories.
They are no longer up to date.

* Setup.hs:
+ Made man page building sensitive to build verbosity.
+ Improved detection of highlighting support in test hook.
+ Install wrapper scripts into cabal bin directory.
+ Also simplified installManpages.
+ Setup.hs: install manpages to mandir. Code borrowed from darcs.

* Changed default of writerXeTeX to False.

* HTML writer: don't include empty UL if --toc but no sections.
Resolves Issue #199.

* LaTeX writer:
+ If book, report, or memoir documentclass, use \chapter{}
for first-level headers. Otherwise use \section{}.
+ Removed stLink, link template variable. Reason: we now always
include hyperref in the template.

* Latex template:
+ Only show \author if there are some.
+ Always include hyperref package. It is used not just for links but
for toc, section heading bookmarks, footnotes, etc. Also added
unicode=true on hyperref options.

* markdown2pdf: always do at least two runs. hyperref bookmarks
require this.

* cabal file: Removed unneeded dependency on template-haskell.

* Windows installer - fixed bug in data file locations.
Resolves Issue #197.

* Deprecated --custom-header in documentation.
Removed old "Custom Headers" section in README.

pandoc (1.4)

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Pandoc will now compile with either GHC 6.10 or 6.12.
+ Don't use System.IO.UTF8 when compiling with 6.12
+ Use -fno-warn-unused-do-bind option when compiling with 6.12

* Replaced old headers with templates. Now users have much more
control over the way documents appear in --standalone mode,
and writer code is simplified. Resolves Issues #59, 147.
Every effort has been made to retain backwards compatibilty.
So, the --custom-header option should still work as before.

+ Added Text.Pandoc.Templates. This provides functions for
retrieving default templates and for rendering templates.
+ System templates (in the pandoc data directory) can be
overridden by user templates in $HOME/.pandoc/templates.
+ Removed Text.Pandoc.DefaultHeaders.
+ Removed data/headers directory.
+ Added templates directory.
+ Added writerTemplate and writerVariables fields to WriterOptions.
+ Removed writerTitlePrefix, writerHeader fields from WriterOptions.
+ Changed --print-default-header to --print-default-template.
+ Added --template option.
+ Added -V/--variable option to set custom template variables.

* Pandoc no longer requires Template Haskell. Resolves Issue #186.

+ Removed need for TH in ODT module. Instead get reference.odt from
data file at run time.
+ Removed TH dependency from S5 module. S5 module now exports
s5HeaderIncludes, which pandoc.hs includes if writer is s5 and
+ Refactored LaTeXMathML not to use TH.

* Meta is now Meta [Inline] [[Inline]] [Inline] rather than
Meta [Inline] [String] String. Authors and date in Meta are now lists
of Inline elements rather than raw strings. This means that they can
be formatted and can include footnotes. NOTE: This may be a breaking
change for those using pandoc as a library.

* Added readDataFile to Text.Pandoc.Shared. This retrieves
a data file from the user pandoc data directory (~/.pandoc
on unix), or, if not found there, from the system data
directory ($CABALDIR/shared/pandoc-VERSION/). All data
files, including templates, LaTeXMathML.js, s5 styles,
and reference.odt, can be overridden by the user.

* s5 files moved from data/ui/default to s5/default.

* Use unicode instead of entities in HTML and XML output. Resolves
Issue #163.

* Prettier HTML footnote references: put anchor inside sup,
instead of other way. Resolves Issue #191. Thanks to

* Added --xetex option to pandoc and markdown2pdf.
If --xetex is specified, pandoc produces latex suitable for
processing by xelatex, and markdown2pdf uses xelatex to create
the PDF. Resolves Issue #185.

* RTF writer: multiple authors now occupy multiple paragraphs rather
than using a line break.

* Man writer: now the "--after-body" will come after the "AUTHORS"
section, whereas before it would come before it. This is a
slight break from backwards compatibility.

* Added --reference-odt option, so users may customize the styles
used in pandoc-generated ODT files. Users may also place a
default reference.odt in the ~\.pandoc directory.

* ODT writer:
+ Indented and line-broke styles.xml so it can be modified more easily.
+ Omitted some unnecessary style declarations.
+ Don't wrap text in OpenDocument writer. The tags are too long, making
wrapping ugly and pointless.

* LaTeX reader: use \\ to separate multiple authors.

* Markdown reader: use ; as separator between authors.
This allows you to use ',' within author names: e.g. "John Jones, Jr."

* S5 writer: use linebreak to separate authors in title page.

* RST reader: Allow :: before lhs code block. The RST spec requires the
:: before verbatim blocks. This :: should not be treated as literal
colons. Resolves Issue #189.

* Documented pandoc 1.3's new definition list syntax in README.
(An oversight in the last release.)

* markdown2pdf.hs:
+ interpret ! in a log as an error line.
+ --toc now works properly.

* Changes in RunTests.hs:
+ Use the Diff library rather than a local copy of Diff.hs.
(This vastly increases performance.) This change means that 'cabal
test' presupposes that the Diff library is installed.
+ Removed tests/Diff.hs from cabal file.
+ Changed RunTests to use local environment. We need at least HOME, so
pandoc can find its data directory.

* Updated windows installer to install data files in the app directory.

* Windows installer now installs portable wrappers hsmarkdown and

pandoc (1.3)

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Added --id-prefix option (Issue #41). This adds a prefix to all
automatically generated HTML identifiers, which helps prevent
duplicate identifiers when you're generating a fragment (say a blog

* Added --indented-code-classes option. This specifies classes
to use for indented code blocks. (Patch due to buttock; Issue #87.)

* --number-sections now affects HTML output as well as ConTeXt and LaTeX
(Issue #150).

* Improved syntax for markdown definition lists (Issue #24).
Definition lists are now more compatible with PHP Markdown Extra.
+ You can have multiple definitions for a term (but still not
multiple terms).
+ Multi-block definitions no longer need a column before each block
(indeed, this will now cause multiple definitions).
+ The marker no longer needs to be flush with the left margin,
but can be indented at or two spaces. Also, ~ as well as :
can be used as the marker (this suggestion due to David
+ There can now be a blank line between the term and the

* Better looking simple tables. Resolves Issue #180.
+ Markdown reader: simple tables are now given column widths of 0.
+ Column width of 0 is interpreted as meaning: use default column width.
+ Writers now include explicit column width information only
for multiline tables. (Exception: RTF writer, which requires
column widths. In this case, columns are given equal widths,
adding up to the text width.)
+ Simple tables should now look better in most output formats.

* Allow markdown tables without headers (Issue #50).
The new syntax is described in README. Also allow optional line of
dashes at bottom of simple tables.

* Compensate for width of final table column (Issue #144).

* Treat a backslash followed by a newline as a hard line break
in markdown. Resolves Issue #154. This is a nice alternative
to markdown's "invisible" way of indicating hardline breaks
using lines that end with two spaces.

* Improved performance of markdown reader by ~10% by eliminating the
need for a separate parsing pass for notes. Raw notes are now stored
on the first pass (which parses references), then parsed when the
note is inserted into the AST. The stateNotes field in ParserState
is now a list of [(String, String)] pairs instead of [(String,

* In markdown reader, treat 4 or more * or _ in a row as literal
text. (Trying to parse long strings of * or _ as strong or emph
leads to exponential performance problems.)

* Markdown reader: Use + rather than %20 for spaces in URLs.

* Fixed htmlComment parser, adding a needed 'try'.

* Don't print raw HTML in man output.

* Allow . _ and ~ in header identifiers.

* Specially mark code blocks that were "literate" in the input.
They can then be treated differently in the writers. This allows
authors to distinguish bits of the literate program they are writing
from source code examples, even if the examples are marked as
Haskell for highlighting. (Issue #174.)

* Modified html+lhs output to use "haskell" highlighter instead
of "literateHaskell". The highlighting module now adds bird tracks
after highlighting (for HTML output), if the code block has the
"literate" class. This gives better results, because kate's
haskell highlighter is much better than the literateHaskell

* Fixed handling of footnotes in titles (HTML) and headers (LaTeX).
(Issue #137.)

* Support for "..code-block" directive in RST reader. Not core
RST, but used in Sphinx for code blocks annotated with syntax
information. Thanks to Luke Plant for the patch.

* Added "head" to list of block-level HTML tags. Resolves
Issue #108.

* Added stripTags to Text.Pandoc.XML. This is used in the HTML writer.

* Set utf-8 encoding in texinfo headers.

* Docbook writer: add ids to sections. Use link for internal links.
(Issue #60.)

* Blank lines after lists in MediaWiki writer.

* Properly handle commented-out list items in markdown.
Resolves Issue #142. Example:

- a
- b
- c

* Changed heuristic in compactify. compactify has to decide whether a
Para that ends a list is a Para intentionally, or just because of
the blank lines at the end of every list. In the latter case the
Para is turned to a Plain. The old heuristic was: change final Para
to Plain iff the other items all end in Plain. This produces bad
results when, for example, an item contains just a Plain and an HTML
comment, as it does in the list above. The new heuristic: change
final Para to Plain iff the other items don't contain a Para.

* Added % as an rst underline character. Resolves Issue #173.

* Fix inline math parser so that \$ is allowed in math.
Resolves Issue #169.

* Translate \int (integral) into unicode when using unicode math
method. Resolves Issue #177.

* markdown2pdf.hs improvements:
+ Use System.IO.UTF8.
+ Print error messages on last attempt.
+ Do not create a backup when overwriting a PDF (Issue #166).
+ Accept --longopt=val options.
+ Added man/man1/markdown2pdf.1 to extra-tmp-files in cabal, so that
it is properly cleaned.

* Added haddock comments warning that readers assume \n line endings.

* Updated COPYRIGHT file.

* Makefile: Changed EXECSBASE so it doesn't pull in hsmarkdown &
markdown2pdf. Otherwise strip tries to strip shell scripts when you
install using 'make'.

* Changed Makefile so it doesn't build Haskell wrappers.

* Fixed Makefile so it doesn't try to build man pages in build-doc.

* Install pcre3.dll in Windows install script; this allows us to
package a version of pandoc with highlighting support.

pandoc (1.2.1)

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Fixed regression with --preserveTabs. Brought back optPreserveTabs.
The trick of setting tabStop to 0 to mean "preserve tabs" had a bad
side effect: strings of 0 spaces were interpreted as indentation.
So, with --preserve-tabs, unindented paragraphs were treated as
code. Resolves Issue #138.

* HTML writer: wrap sections in divs. Resolves Issue #70.

+ hierarchicalize has been rationalized; it builds a hierarchical
representation of the document from the headers, and simultaneously
gives each section a unique identifier based on the heading title.
+ Identifiers are now attached to the divs rather than
to the headers themselves.
+ Table of content backlinks go to the beginning of the table, rather
than to the section reference that was clicked.
+ Code for constructing identifiers has been moved to Text.Pandoc.Shared
from the HTML writer, since it is now consumed only by
+ In --strict mode, pandoc just prints bare headings, as before
(unless --toc has been specified).
+ In s5 output, it does not wrap sections in divs, as that seems to
confuse the s5 javascript.

* Man writer: break lines at end of each sentence. groff expects this
and treats '.' and '?' differently when followed by line ending as
opposed to ordinary space. Also, don't escape periods. Instead, use
zero-width character \& to avoid unwanted interpretation of periods
at start of line. Resolves Issue #148.

* Markdown writer: Added '#' and '>' to list of characters to be
escaped in markdown output. Removed '<', as it is not an officially
escapable character. This partially resolves Issue #96.

* Make --smart the default for man output format. Otherwise we have
trouble dividing lists of endlines into sentences.

* DocBook writer: Use language attribute to indicate source language
in code blocks.

* RST reader:

+ Allow # to continue list, even if the list was started with an
explicit marker. For example:

A. my list
#. continued

Resolves Issue #140.
+ Allow continuation lines in line blocks. Also added test cases for
line blocks for RST reader. Resolves Issue #149.
+ Allow explicit links with spaces in URL: `link <to this>`_

* Improved LaTeX reader's coverage of math modes. Remove displaymath*
(which is not in LaTeX) and recognize all the amsmath environments
that are alternatives to eqnarray, namely equation, equation*,
gather, gather*, gathered, multline, multline*, align, align*,
alignat, alignat*, aligned, alignedat, split. Resolves Issue #103.
Thanks to shreevatsa.public for the patch.

* Markdown reader:

+ Allow -, _, :, . in markdown attribute names. These are legal in
XML attribute names.
+ Use non-breaking spaces in abbreviations.
+ Markdown reader: improved efficiency of abbreviation parsing.
Instead of a separate abbrev parser, we just check for
abbreviations each time we parse a string. This gives a huge
performance boost with -S. Resolves Issue #141.

* Improved efficiency of shared parsers: hexNum, htmlComment,
whitespace, indentSpaces.

* Export HTMLMathMethod in Text.Pandoc.

* Export languagesByExtension in Text.Pandoc.Highlighting.

* Added new Haskell version of markdown2pdf, due to
Paulo Tanimoto. This should be more portable than the old
shell script.

* Made 'pandoc -v' more explicit about compiler options.
Resolves Issue #139.

* pandoc.hs: Made --strict compatible with --standalone, --toc.

* Use Paths_pandoc to get version number, instead of hard-coding it
into Text/Pandoc.hs.

pandoc (1.2)

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Added support for literate Haskell. lhs support is triggered by
'+lhs' suffixes in formats. For example, 'latex+lhs' is literate
Haskell LaTeX. '.lhs' files are treated by default as literate

+ Added stateLiterateHaskell to parser state.
+ Added parser for lhsCodeBlock to Markdown, RST, LaTeX readers.
+ Added parser for |inline lhs| to LaTeX reader.
+ Added writerLiterateHaskell to WriterOptions.
+ Added lhs support to Markdown, RST, LaTeX, HTML writers.
+ Added definition of code environment to LaTeX header.
+ Added tests (run only if highlighting support compiled in).
+ Documented lhs features in man page and README.

* In Text.Pandoc.Definition, added processWith, processWithM,
and queryWith, and deprecated processPandoc and queryPandoc
for these more general functions.

* Fixed bug in mediawiki writer: improper closing tags in tables.
Thanks to Benct Philip Jonsson for reporting the bug.

* Added --email-obfuscation option.

+ Added writer option for email obfuscation.
+ Implemented email obfuscation options in HTML writer.
+ Added option to option parser.
+ Documented in README and pandoc man page.
+ Resolves Issue #97.

* LaTeX writer: fixed bug with empty table cells.
Resolves Issue #107. Thanks to rodja.trappe for the patch.

* Fixed bug with header spacing in Markdown and RST writers.
A null header (Meta [] [] []) should not cause a blank line
at the beginning of output. But a blank line is needed between
a non-null header and the main text.

* Markdown reader: Relax spacing rules for $$ in display math. Now
space and newlines are allowed after the opening $$ and before the
closing $$. However, the display math cannot contain an entirely
blank line. Resolves Issue #105.

* Markdown reader: Gobble space after Plain blocks containing only
raw html inline. Otherwise following header blocks are not parsed
correctly, since the parser sees blank space before them. Resolves
Issue #124.

* Markdown reader: Allow " as well as '' to end a latex double-quote.

* Conditionally depend on syb and base >= 4 if ghc >= 6.10.
Resolves Issue #109.

* Fixed problems in RST and markdown output due to bug in pretty-

+ Added hang' function to Text.Pandoc.Shared; this will be used instead
of hang, which doesn't work properly in pretty- When pretty
is upgraded, we can go back to hang.
+ Use hang' (and some different techniques) in RST and markdown writers.
Some output is now a bit different.

* Brought citeproc support up to date for citeproc-hs-0.2.
(Patch by Andrea Rossato.)

* Moved all haskell source to src subdirectory. Renamed Main.hs to

* Rewrote hsmarkdown in Haskell for portability (src/hsmarkdown.hs).
For now, keeping the old shell script too.

* Added TemplateHaskell to Extensions for executable, removed
-threaded for library. Thanks to duncan.coutts for the bug report.
Resolves Issue #121.

* Moved some Extra-Source-Files to Data-Files.

* Moved tabFilter to Shared.

* In pandoc.hs, removed optPreserveTabs; instead, tabstop of 0 means
preserve tabs.

* Minor code cleanup based on hlint suggestions.

pandoc (1.1)

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Main.hs:

+ Changed date on copyright message in Main.hs.
+ Have the '-v' option print syntax highlighting languages
separated by commas, and wrapped in lines, instead of in five
columns as before.

* Added --jsmath option. Resolves Issue #68.

+ Added --jsmath option to Main.hs
+ Added JsMath to HTMLMathMethod in Text.Pandoc.Shared.
+ Handle math appropriately in HTML writer when JsMath selected.
+ Documented the option in README and man page.

* Text.Pandoc.Shared: Changed compactify to use a better heuristic
for tight and loose lists. Final Para is changed to Plain if all
other list items *end* with a Plain block. Addresses Issue #99.

* HTML reader:

+ Added colons to protocols in unsanitaryURI. Closes Issue #88.
+ HTML reader: Don't interpret contents of <pre> blocks as markdown.
Added rawVerbatimBlock parser. Resolves Issue #94.

* Markdown reader:

+ Allow URLs with spaces in them in links and references, but escape
them as "%20".
+ Allow blank space at the end of horizontal rules.

* RST reader: Modified 'unknownDirective' parser to handle comment
blocks correctly, and added tests for comment blocks. Resolves Issue
#86. Closes Debian Bug #500662.

* HTML writer:

+ Include classes on tr elements in HTML output:
"header", "odd", "even". This allows tables to be styled with
lines in alternating colors. Resolves Issue #91.
+ Enclose all LaTeXMathML bits in <span class="LaTeX">.
This prevents parts of the document that are not math from being
interpreted as math by LaTeXMathML.js.

* OpenDocument and ODT writers: Added support for HorizontalRule elements,
which were formerly ignored. Resolves Issue #95.

* Text.Pandoc.Shared: Modified wrappedTeX to eliminate the line break
between a footnote and immediately following nonspace characters in
LaTeX and ConTeXt output. (This gets interpreted as a space, which
is not desired in cases like "text^[note]---".) Resolves Issue #93.

* Windows installer: Don't require admin privileges to run
installer. Modified pandoc-setup.iss, and changed modpath.iss to
modify HKCU path if user lacks admin privileges. Also fixed case
where oldpath is empty (previously this led to the new path
beginning with a semicolon).

* Updated INSTALL instructions for Arch packages and OS X install using

* Removed the (now unneeded) debian directory.
Removed empty Codec and System directories.

* Moved odt-styles/ to data/. Removed unneeded variable in Makefile.

* Modified Setup.hs so that the "test" target returns an error status
when tests fail, and "build" returns a success status if
the build succeeds. Resolves Issue #100.

* Added BUGS to files in tarball.

pandoc (

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Removed spurious reference to pdf output format from pandoc(1) man page.

pandoc (1.0)

[ Andrea Rossato ]

* Added new OpenDocument writer.

* Added support for SmallCaps inline element.

* Added support for integrating pandoc with citeproc-hs.

+ Added Cite element to definition and writers.
+ Added Text.Pandoc.Biblio module
+ Note: This support is included only if the 'citeproc'
Cabal configuration flag is set.

* Made Pandoc data structure an instance of Typeable.
Added new processPandoc and queryPandoc functions, to query
or transform matching elements in a Pandoc structure.

[ Peter Wang ]

* Added new Texinfo writer.

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Changes to Texinfo writer:

+ No space between paragraph and following @verbatim (provides more
pleasing appearance in text formats)
+ Blank line consistently after list environments.
+ Removed deVerb.
+ Use @code instead of @verb for inline code (this solves the character
escaping problem for texi2dvi and texi2pdf).
+ Added news of Texinfo writer to README.
+ Added Texinfo to list of formats in man page, and removed extra 'groff'.
+ Added texi & texinfo extensions to Main.hs, and fixed bug in determining
default output extension.
+ Modified disallowedInNode in Texinfo writer to correct list of disallowed characters.

* Added tests for OpenDocument writer.

* Added ODT writer (using zip-archive library to package output of
OpenDocument writer). Added odt-styles directory with default ODT styles.

* Added new mediawiki writer and tests.

* Markdown reader: Added support for delimited code blocks, with optional
syntax highlighting using highlighting-kate (if the 'highlighting'
configuration option is selected).

+ Currently highlighting is supported only in the HTML writer.
+ Delimited code blocks can have attributes; using the language name as
class triggers highlighting.
+ New Attributes parameter in CodeBlock structure.
+ --version now indicates whether syntax highlighting support is compiled
in, and prints a list of supported languages

* Removed debian directory. Pandoc is no longer a native debian package.

* Changes to build process: pandoc can now be built from the repository
using Cabal. No unix tools are needed (so, pandoc can be built on Windows
without Cygwin).

+ Include shell scripts themselves in repo, rather than generating from wrappers.
Removed wrappers directory and wrappers Makefile target.
+ Text/Pandoc/ASCIIMathML.hs, Text/Pandoc/DefaultHeaders.hs,
and Text/Pandoc/Writers/S5.hs are no longer built in Makefile
from templates in the templates/ directory. Instead, they use template
haskell to read data at compile time from the relevant files in data/.
Template haskell functions go in a new module, Text.Pandoc.TH.
+ man pages are now generated in Setup.hs hook, not by Makefile
+ Makefile 'tarball' target now calls Cabal's 'sdist'
+ Added "Extra-Source-Files" to pandoc.cabal, so sdist contains everything needed
+ Added "Build-Type" field to pandoc.cabal to avoid warning.
+ Added to "Extra-source-files" and "Extra-tmp-files" in pandoc.cabal,
so 'sdist' and 'clean' will work properly.
+ Setup.hs now generates man pages in a postbuild hook.
+ Added dependency-checking to Setup.hs, so it only rebuilds things
that need rebuilding.
+ Added 'library' and 'executable' configuration flags.
Cabal can now be told to build just the library or just the executable.
+ CABALOPTS may now be specified with 'make' to pass Cabal configuration flags.
For example: CABALOPTS=-fhighlighting make

* Rewrote test suite so it doesn't depend on perl or unix tools.

+ Replaced old with a Haskell script RunTests.hs.
+ Added Diff.hs module to be used by RunTests.hs instead of unix 'diff'.
+ Added test hook to Setup.hs, so tests may be run from cabal.
+ Changed Makefile's 'test' target to run tests via cabal.
+ Removed old
+ Since we no longer have 'sed' to filter out raw HTML sections
from the docbook writer test, or raw LaTeX sections from the
context writer test, we now just include these sections.
They can be taken out if it is necessary to process the files.
+ Updated latex and context writer tests to remove extra spaces
after '\\item'
+ Added a markdown table reader test.
+ Added markdown-reader-more.txt to test suite, for additional test cases
for raw ConTeXt environments and more.

* Compatibility fixes for CPP, Cabal, and haddock:

+ Use CPP in "Extensions" field in pandoc.cabal.
+ Removed use of backslash string continuations in source files.

* Removed pandoc.cabal.ghc66. We now require Cabal >= 1.2, GHC >= 6.8,
base >= 3.

* Require parsec < 3.
The compatibility module in parsec 3.0.0 gives far worse performance than
parsec 2.1. Eventually pandoc will be upgraded to use the new bytestring
version of parsec, and then we'll go to parsec 3.0.0.

* Removed Text.Regex dependencies by rewriting using plain Haskell
(Text.Pandoc.Writers.RTF, Text.Pandoc.Writers.HTML, Main.hs)

* Moved Text.Pandoc.Writers.DefaultHeaders -> Text.Pandoc.DefaultHeaders.

* Makefile:

+ Added 'configure' as dependency of 'uninstall-all'.
(It uses the Cabal build program.)
+ Makefile: only use --with-hc-pkg if GHC_PKG is defined.
Note that Cabal will automatically choose the ghc-pkg appropriate
for the compiler selected, so normally specifying GHC by itself
is sufficient.

* Removed Text.Pandoc.UTF8 module; instead, depend on utf8-string and use
its IO and conversion functions.

* Added -Wall to ghc-options in pandoc.cabal. Cleaned up modules so that
everything is -Wall clean.

+ Added pragma to HTML writer to avoid deprecation warning for use of "start" attribute.
+ Added pragma to Text/Pandoc/Shared.hs to get rid of "orphan instance" warnings.
(These are caused by the Lift instance for ByteString.)

* Changed the comment used to replace unsafe HTML if sanitize-html option

* Made -c/--css option repeatable on the command line (like -H, -A, -B).

* Moved XML-formatting functions to new unexported module Text.Pandoc.XML.

* Escape '\160' as "&#160;", not "&nbsp;" in XML.
"nbsp" isn't a predefined XML entity.

* Fixed bug in RST reader, which would choke on: "p. one\ntwo\n".
Added some try's in ordered list parsers.

* Man writer: don't escape " as \".

* Allow newline before URL in markdown link references. Resolves Issue #81.
Added tests for this issue in new "markdown-reader-more" tests.
Changed RunTests.hs to run these tests.

* Support for display math. Resolves Issue #47.

+ Added a DisplayMath/InlineMath selector to Math inlines.
+ Markdown parser yields DisplayMath for $$...$$.
+ LaTeX parser yields DisplayMath when appropriate. Removed
mathBlock parsers, since the same effect is achieved by the math
inline parsers, now that they handle display math.
+ Writers handle DisplayMath as appropriate for the format.
+ Modified tests accordingly; added new tests for display math.

* Use LaTeXMathML instead of ASCIIMathML. LaTeXMathML is closer
to LaTeX in its display of math, and supports many non-math LaTeX environments.

+ Changed -m option to use LaTeXMathML rather than ASCIIMathML.
+ Modified HTML writer to print raw TeX when LaTeXMathML is
being used instead of suppressing it.
+ Removed ASCIIMathML files from data/ and added LaTeXMathML.
+ Replaced ASCIIMathML with LaTeXMathML in source files.
+ Modified README and pandoc man page source.
+ Added --latexmathml option (kept --asciimathml as a synonym
for backwards compatibility)

* Markdown reader: Parse setext headers before atx headers.
Test case:
# hi
parsed by as an H1 header with contents "# hi".

* Markdown reader: Treat "mixed" lists the same way as does.
The marker on the first list item determines the type of the whole
list. Thus, a list like
1. one
- two
* three
gets parsed as a single ordered list. (Previous versions of pandoc
treated this as an ordered list with an unordered sublist.)

* Markdown smart typography:

+ Em dashes no longer eat surrounding whitespace. Resolves Issue #69.
+ Use nonbreaking spaces after known abbreviations in markdown parser.
Thus, for example, "Mr. Brown" comes out as "Mr.~Brown" in LaTeX, and does
not produce a sentence-separating space. Resolves Issue #75.

* Markdown writer: Print unicode \160 literally, rather than as &nbsp;.

* Treat '\ ' in (extended) markdown as nonbreaking space.
Print nonbreaking space appropriately in each writer (e.g. ~ in LaTeX).

* The '--sanitize-html' option now examines URIs in markdown links
and images, and in HTML href and src attributes. If the URI scheme
is not on a whitelist of safe schemes, it is rejected. The main point
is to prevent cross-site scripting attacks using 'javascript:' URIs.
and Resolves Issue #62.

* HTML writer:

+ Override Text.XHtml's stringToHtml function,
so that characters below 0xff are not converted to numerical entity
references. Also convert '\160' to "&nbsp;". This should aid readability
and editability of the HTML source. It does presuppose that the HTML
will be served as UTF-8.
+ In code blocks, change leading newlines to <br /> tags.
(Some browsers ignore them.) Resolves Issue #71.
+ Use style attributes rather than css classes for strikethrough
and ordered list styles. This works better when fragments, rather than
standalone documents, are generated.

* HTML reader: Count anything that isn't a known block (HTML) tag as an
inline tag (rather than the other way around). Added "html", "head", and
"body" to list of block tags. Resolves Issue #66, allowing
<lj> to count as an inline tag.

* RTF writer: Fixed bug. Extra spaces were being printed after emphasized,
boldface, and other inline elements. Resolves Issue #64.

* LaTeX reader: improvements in raw LaTeX parsing.

+ "loose punctuation" (like {}) parsed as Space
+ Para elements must contain more than Str "" and Space elements
+ Added parser for "\ignore" command used in literate haskell.
+ Reworked unknownCommand and rawLaTeXInline: when not in "parse raw"
mode, these parsers simply strip off the command part and allow
the arguments to be parsed normally. So, for example,
\blorg{\emph{hi}} will be parsed as Emph "hi" rather than
Str "{\\emph{hi}}".
+ Parse lhs "code" environments as verbatim.
Refactored parsers for verbatim environments.
+ Removed specialEnvironment parser.
+ parse '{}', if present, after \textless, \textgreater,
\textbar, \textbackslash, \ldots.
+ Parse unescaped special characters verbatim rather than
changing them to spaces. This way arguments of unknown
commands will appear in braces.

* Parse raw ConTeXt environments as TeX in markdown reader.
Resolves Issue #73.

* Moved BlockWrapper and wrappedBlocksToDoc from ConTeXt writer to Shared.

* Made some structural changes to parsing of raw LaTeX environments.
Previously there was a special block parser for LaTeX environments.
It returned a Para element containing the raw TeX inline. This has
been removed, and the raw LaTeX environment parser is now used in the
rawLaTeXInline parser. The effect is exactly the same, except that we
can now handle consecutive LaTeX and ConTeXt environments not separated
by spaces. This new flexibility is required by the example in
Issue #73:

\placeformula \startformula
L_{1} = L_{2}

API change: The LaTeX reader now exports rawLaTeXEnvironment' (which
returns a string) rather than rawLaTeXEnvironment (which returns a block
element). This is more likely to be useful in other applications.

* Use \textsubscr instead of \textsubscript for LaTeX subscript macro.
\textsubscript conflicts with a definition in the memoir class.
Resolves Issue #65.

* Removed unneeded space after "\\item" in LaTeX and ConTeXt output.

* Added amsmath package to default LaTeX header. Resolves Issue #48.

* Added \setupitemize[autointro] to ConTeXt header, to prevent orphaned
list introduction lines.

* Changed Float to Double in definition of Table element.
(Double is more efficient in GHC.)

* Fixed bug in Markdown parser: regular $s triggering math mode.
For example: "shoes ($20) and socks ($5)."
The fix consists in two new restrictions:

+ the $ that ends a math span may not be directly followed by a digit.
+ no blank lines may be included within a math span.

Thanks to Joseph Reagle for noticing the bug.

* Use Data.List's 'intercalate' instead of custom 'joinWithSep'.
Removed 'joinWithSep' from Text.Pandoc.Shared.

* Updated README and man pages. Acknowledge contributors in README.
Added paragraph to README about producing S5 with separate CSS/javascript.

* Updated INSTALL to reflect new build system (including configuration
options) and document new dependencies. Added note to INSTALL that
Cabal >= 1.2 is required for build. Resolves Issue #74.

* Fixed some haddock documentation errors.

* Small fix to markdown2pdf man page: only input needs to be piped through iconv.

pandoc (0.46) unstable; urgency=low

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Made -H, -A, and -B options cumulative: if they are specified
multiple times, multiple files will be included.

* Added optional HTML sanitization using a whitelist.
When this option is specified (--sanitize-html on the command line),
unsafe HTML tags will be replaced by HTML comments, and unsafe HTML
attributes will be removed. This option should be especially useful
for those who want to use pandoc libraries in web applications, where
users will provide the input.

+ Main.hs: Added --sanitize-html option.

+ Text.Pandoc.Shared: Added stateSanitizeHTML to ParserState.

+ Text.Pandoc.Readers.HTML:
- Added whitelists of sanitaryTags and sanitaryAttributes.
- Added parsers to check these lists (and state) to see if a given
tag or attribute should be counted unsafe.
- Modified anyHtmlTag and anyHtmlEndTag to replace unsafe tags
with comments.
- Modified htmlAttribute to remove unsafe attributes.
- Modified htmlScript and htmlStyle to remove these elements if

+ Modified README and man pages to document new option.

* Improved handling of email addresses in markdown and reStructuredText.
Consolidated uri and email address parsers. (Resolves Issue #37.)

+ New emailAddress and uri parsers in Text.Pandoc.Shared.
- uri parser uses parseURI from Network.URI.
- emailAddress parser properly handles email addresses with periods
in them.

+ Removed uri and emailAddress parsers from Text.Pandoc.Readers.RST
and Text.Pandoc.Readers.Markdown.

* Markdown reader:

+ Fixed emph parser so that "*hi **there***" is parsed as a Strong
nested in an Emph. (A '*' is only recognized as the end of the
emphasis if it's not the beginning of a strong emphasis.)

+ Moved blockQuote parser before list parsers for performance.

+ Modified 'source' parser to allow backslash-escapes in URLs.
So, for example, [my](/url\(1\)) yields a link to /url(1).
Resolves Issue #34.

+ Disallowed links within links. (Resolves Issue #35.)
- Replaced inlinesInBalanced with inlinesInBalancedBrackets, which
instead of hard-coding the inline parser takes an inline parser
as a parameter.
- Modified reference and inlineNote to use inlinesInBalancedBrackets.
- Removed unneeded inlineString function.
- Added inlineNonLink parser, which is now used in the definition of
- Added inlineParsers list and redefined inline and inlineNonLink parsers
in terms of it.
- Added failIfLink parser.

+ Better handling of parentheses in URLs and quotation marks in titles.
- 'source' parser first tries to parse URL with balanced parentheses;
if that doesn't work, it tries to parse everything beginning with
'(' and ending with ')'.
- source parser now uses an auxiliary function source'.
- linkTitle parser simplified and improved, under assumption that it
will be called in context of source'.

+ Make 'block' conditional on strictness state, instead of using
failIfStrict in block parsers. Use a different ordering of parsers
in strict mode (raw HTML block before paragraph) for performance.
In non-strict mode use rawHtmlBlocks instead of htmlBlock.
Simplified htmlBlock, since we know it's only called in strict

+ Improved handling of raw HTML. (Resolves Issue #36.)
- Tags that can be either block or inline (e.g. <ins>) should
be treated as block when appropriate and as inline when
appropriate. Thus, for example,
should be treated as a paragraph with inline <ins> tags, while
should be treated as a paragraph within <ins> tags.
- Moved htmlBlock after para in list of block parsers. This ensures
that tags that can be either block or inline get parsed as inline
when appropriate.
- Modified rawHtmlInline' so that block elements aren't treated as
- Modified para parser so that paragraphs containing only HTML tags and
blank space are not allowed. Treat these as raw HTML blocks instead.

+ Fixed bug wherein HTML preceding a code block could cause it to
be parsed as a paragraph. The problem is that the HTML parser
used to eat all blank space after an HTML block, including the
indentation of the code block. (Resolves Issue #39.)
- In Text.Pandoc.Readers.HTML, removed parsing of following space
from rawHtmlBlock.
- In Text.Pandoc.Readers.Markdown, modified rawHtmlBlocks so that
indentation is eaten *only* on the first line after the HTML
block. This means that in
the foo won't be treated as a code block, but in


it will. This seems the right approach for least surprise.

* RST reader:

+ Fixed bug in parsing explicit links (resolves Issue #44).
The problem was that we were looking for inlines until a '<' character
signaled the start of the URL; so, if you hit a reference-style link,
it would keep looking til the end of the document. Fix: change
inline => (notFollowedBy (char '`') >> inline). Note that this won't
allow code inlines in links, but these aren't allowed in resT anyway.

+ Cleaned up parsing of reference names in key blocks and links.
Allow nonquoted reference links to contain isolated '.', '-', '_', so
so that strings like 'a_b_' count as links.

+ Removed unnecessary check for following link in str.
This is unnecessary now that link is above str in the definition of

* HTML reader:

+ Modified rawHtmlBlock so it parses </html> and </body> tags.
This allows these tags to be handled correctly in Markdown.
HTML reader now uses rawHtmlBlock', which excludes </html> and </body>,
since these are handled in parseHtml. (Resolves Issue #38.)

+ Fixed bug (emph parser was looking for <IT> tag, not <I>).

+ Don't interpret contents of style tags as markdown.
(Resolves Issue #40.)
- Added htmlStyle, analagous to htmlScript.
- Use htmlStyle in htmlBlockElement and rawHtmlInline.
- Moved "script" from the list of tags that can be either block or
inline to the list of block tags.

+ Modified rawHtmlBlock to use anyHtmlBlockTag instead of anyHtmlTag
and anyHtmlEndTag. This fixes a bug in markdown parsing, where
inline tags would be included in raw HTML blocks.

+ Modified anyHtmlBlockTag to test for (not inline) rather than
directly for block. This allows us to handle e.g. docbook in
the markdown reader.

* LaTeX reader: Properly recognize --parse-raw in rawLaTeXInline.
Updated LaTeX reader test to use --parse-raw.

* HTML writer:

+ Modified rules for automatic HTML header identifiers to
ensure that identifiers begin with an alphabetic character.
The new rules are described in README. (Resolves Issue #33.)

+ Changed handling of titles in HTML writer so you don't get
"titleprefix - " followed by nothing.

* ConTeXt writer: Use wrappers around Doc elements to ensure proper
spacing. Each block element is wrapped with either Pad or Reg.
Pad'ed elements are guaranteed to have a blank line in between.

* RST writer:

+ Refactored RST writer to use a record instead of a tuple for state,
and to include options in state so it doesn't need to be passed as
a parameter.

+ Use an interpreted text role to render math in restructuredText.
See for the

[ Recai Oktaş ]

* Debian packaging changes:

+ Remove the empty 'include' directory in -dev package, which lintian
complains about.
+ Bump Standarts-Version to 3.7.3.
+ Use new 'Homepage:' field to specify the upstream URL on suggestion of

-- Recai Oktaş <> Tue, 08 Jan 2008 05:13:31 +0200

pandoc (0.45) unstable; urgency=low

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Simplified parsing of reference keys and notes in markdown and RST
readers: The Reference data structure from Text.Pandoc.Shared is no
longer needed, since referenceKey and noteBlock parses return strings
(as many blank lines as were occupied by the key or note) and update
state themselves. getPosition and setPosition are now used to ensure
that error messages will give the correct line number. This yields
cleaner (and slightly faster) code, with more accurate parsing error

* Added new Math inline element:

+ Markdown and LaTeX readers now convert TeX math into Math elements,
not TeX.
+ This allows math to be treated differently from raw TeX in output.
TeX elements are no longer printed in output formats other than
Markdown, LaTeX, and ConTeXt. But Math elements are always printed.

* New default handling of math in writers:

+ New module Text.Pandoc.Readers.TeXMath exports readTeXMath, which
parses raw TeX math and outputs a string of Pandoc inlines that
tries to render it as far as possible using unicode characters,
lapsing into literal TeX when needed.
+ readTeXMath is now used for default HTML output in HTML, S5, RTF,
and Docbook, if no other method for displaying math in HTML is
specified. Enclosing $'s are no longer printed by default.
+ By default, math is put inside <span class="math">. This way it can be
distinguished from the surrounding text, e.g. put in a different

* New --gladtex and --mimetex options for display of math in HTML:

+ If --gladtex is specified, math is output between <eq> tags, so
it can be processed by gladTeX.
+ If --mimetex is specified, math is put in <img> tags with a link
to the mimetex CGI script (or any other script that takes TeX math
as input and outputs an image). The URL of the script may be
specified, but defaults to /cgi-bin/mimetex.cgi.
+ HTMLMathMethod structure in WriterOptions keeps track of how to
display math in HTML output.
+ Updated README with a description of the four options for displaying
math in HTML.

* HTML reader:

+ Fixed bug: parser for minimized attributes should not swallow
trailing spaces.
+ Simplified HTML attribute parsing.
+ Changed parsing of code blocks in HTML reader: <code> tag is no
longer needed. <pre> suffices. All HTML tags in the code block
(e.g. for syntax highlighting) are skipped, because they are not
portable to other output formats. A <code>...</code> block not
surrounded by <pre> now counts as inline HTML, not a code block.
+ Remove just one leading and one trailing newline from contents of
<pre>...</pre> in codeBlock parser.

* Markdown reader:

+ Removed support for box-style block quotes.
+ Require space before title in links and references.
This fixes a bug in parsing URLs like http://silly/url(withparen).
+ Improved and simplified setextHeader parser.
+ Fixed logic in smart quote parsing, adding some needed 'try'
+ Fixed smart quote parsing so that unicode characters 8216 and 8217
are recognized as single quotes, and 8220 and 8221 as double quotes.

* RST reader:

+ Fixed bug in parsing of code blocks. Previously a full tab indent
was required, but RST allows code to be indented any amount.
Resolves Issue #27.
+ Allow field lists to be indented.
+ Parse the contents of field lists instead of treating as a raw string.
+ Represent field lists as definition lists instead of blockquotes.
+ Fixed bug in which metadata would be overridden if the document
contained multiple field lists.
+ Parse fields associated with '.. image::' blocks, and use 'alt'
field, if given, for image alt and title attributes.

* LaTeX reader:

+ Modified specialChar so that '"' characters are parsed.
+ Fixed a bug in parsing of \[ \] math blocks (thanks to Mark Kalderon).

* HTML writer:

+ Changes in handling of math (see above).
+ Don't produce HTML for table of contents if there are
no headers. (This would be an empty list, which is invalid XHTML.)

* Markdown writer:

+ Don't print title attribute if title is empty. (This differs from
the behavior of, and agrees with PHP Markdown. But John
Gruber has indicated that he prefers this behavior.) Adjusted test
suite accordingly.
+ Fixed incorrect line wrapping in paragraphs including hard line
breaks. Resolves Issue #25.
+ Fixed bug in markdown writer: If an ordered list item began with
a marker greater than 3 characters in width, and the item took more
than one line, it would appear on the line after the list marker,

My list item.

Now it works as follows:

(12) My list item.

* RST writer

+ Fixed bug in RST writer's handling of ordered lists. Previously,
list items with multiple lines would not always line up with
single-line list items. Now, list items are nested the length of
the list marker + 1. This looks better and ensures that list items
all line up. (Note that list markers are padded to the length of
the longest list marker in the series.)
+ Use 3-space indent for unordered lists.
+ If label for a link reference contains a colon, surround it by `
signs so it won't be interpreted as the end of the link label.

* LaTeX writer:

+ Cleaner output for footnotes. Footnotes now always begin on a new
line, and the final } is on a line by itself only when it needs to
be (i.e. only when the note ends with a Verbatim environment).
+ Added writer options to state, so state doesn't need to be passed as
a parameter.
+ Text wrapping now provided, using wrapTeXIfNeeded.

* ConTeXt writer: many improvements for more idiomatic ConTeXt output
(thanks to Idris Samawi Hamid for suggestions).

+ PrettyPrint module now used for output.
+ Writer options are now in state, so they don't have to be passed as
a parameter.
+ Text wrapping now provided, using wrapTeXIfNeeded.
+ Better treatment of footnotes: footnotes are always on lines by
themselves, and the final } is on a line by itself only when
it needs to be (after \stoptyping).
+ Use \subject, \subsubject, ... or \section, \subsection, ... for headings,
depending on whether --number-sections option is selected.
+ Extra blank line inserted after \stopitemize
+ Use new, "official" definition of blockquote environment. Also, use
blank line after \startblockquote to balance blank line at the end.
+ Both itemized and enumerated lists are now generated using
\start-stopitemize, with appropriate options. Removed definitions
of ltxenum and ltxitem, which are no longer needed. Provided
defaults for itemized lists in the preamble. State keeps track of
ordered list level, so that when default numbering is specified,
the appropriate scheme can be used.
+ Changed \useurl to \useURL.
+ Changed link color from red to blue.
+ Use \subsubsubsubsection etc., since these are supported
(up to at least sub x 5).

* Text.Pandoc.Shared:

+ Save and restore position in parseFromString, so that accurate
error messages can be given.
+ Improved efficiency of romanNumeral parser.
+ Added wrappedTeX and wrapTeXIfNeeded functions. These ensure
that footnotes occur on lines by themselves (to make them
easier to see and move) and do not screw up line wrapping.

* Text.Pandoc.UTF8: modified fromUTF8 to strip out the BOM
if present. Windows Notepad and other applications insert a
BOM at the beginning of a UTF8 file.

* Main.hs (tabFilter): Treat '\r' at end of line as newline (in
addition to "\r\n" and '\n').

* Added a writer option for wrapped text and a command-line option
'--no-wrap', which disables text wrapping and minimizes whitespace
in HTML. (Resolves Issue #26.)

+ Added support for '--no-wrap' to Main.hs.
+ Added wrapIfNeeded function to Text.Pandoc.Shared.
+ Use wrapIfNeeded instead of wrapped in the RST, Man, Docbook, and
Markdown writers.
+ Added render and renderFragment helpers to HTML writer.

* Modified html2markdown to run tidy only if the HTML cannot be
parsed. Previously html2markdown piped all input through tidy
before passing it to pandoc. This caused problems on certain pages
(e.g. which have well-formed
XHTML that causes tidy to choke. The solution is to pipe through
tidy only if pandoc cannot parse the input by itself. This means
that a temp file is now always used, even when input comes from a
local file or standard input.

* Removed 'version' constant from Main.hs; added 'pandocVersion' to
Text.Pandoc library.

* pandoc.cabal:

+ Modified to work with GHC 6.8 and Cabal configurations. (For GHC
6.8, pretty and containers must be added to Build-Depends, and it
is desirable to use the -O2 compiler option.) Cabal configurations
allows one to select options depending on the compiler version.
For GHC 6.6, the splitBase option can be disabled.
+ pandoc.cabal.ghc66 is provided for users with older versions of
Cabal, which do not support configurations.
+ Use Ghc-Prof-Options to ensure that '-auto-all' is used when
'--enable-(executable|library)-profiling' is specified. Updated
PROFILING instructions accordingly.

* Makefile:

+ Makefile now checks GHC version. If GHC is 6.6, pandoc.cabal.ghc66
is copied to pandoc.cabal, and the old pandoc.cabal is copied
to pandoc.cabal.orig. Otherwise, pandoc.cabal is copied to
pandoc.cabal.orig but otherwise unmodified. This way, the Makefile
will work properly with either GHC 6.6 or 6.8.
+ Changed BUILDCONF to point to dist/setup-config, not .setup-config.
This is where current versions of Cabal put it.
+ Added $(BUILDCMD) target, so setup doesn't get compiled every time.
+ Removed dependency of templates on ./templates, which is circular
now that templates is a subdirectory of the top-level.

* MacPorts Portfile:

+ Modified to install the pandoc library in addition to programs.
+ Installation must be done manually rather than using Makefile's
+ Note that the library must be registered in the activate phase,
after the library files have been copied out of the destroot.
Cabal generates a '' script that will do this.

* debian/control: Added libghc6-network-dev, libghc6-xhtml-dev, and
libghc6-mtl-dev as dependencies for libghc6-pandoc-dev.
Closes: #445235

* debian/rules: Converted to UTF-8.

* Changed pandoc home page to

* Updated ASCIIMathML.js to latest version.

* Directory structure:

+ Moved everything from src into the top-level directory.
+ Changed references to source directory in Makefile and
+ Moved ASCIIMathML.js, headers, and ui into templates directory.
+ Modified to reflect new paths.

[ Recai Oktaş ]

* Makefile: Fixed the issue of having two copies of the library
documentation under some usage scenarios.

* Replaced 'ghc' with '$(GHC)' in Makefile, and made GHC
and GHC_PKG configurable through the environment, to support
unusual ghc installations. For example:
GHC=/opt/ghc/bin/ghc GHC_PKG=/opt/ghc/bin/ghc-pkg make

-- Recai Oktaş <> Sun, 07 Oct 2007 20:51:43 +0300

pandoc (0.44) unstable; urgency=low

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Fixed bug in HTML writer: when --toc was used, anchors were put around
headers, which is invalid XHTML (block content within inline element).
Now the anchors are put inside the header tags. Resolves Issue #23.

* Added xmlns attribute to html element in html writer tests.
This attribute is added by more recent versions of the
xhtml library (>= 3000), and is required for valid XHTML.

[ Recai Oktaş ]

* On configure, compile 'Setup.hs' to 'setup' and use 'setup' as the build
command instead of 'runhaskell', which, on some platforms (such as s390,
alpha, m68k), throws the following error:

runhaskell Setup.hs configure --prefix=/usr
ghc-6.6.1: not built for interactive use

This causes a serious FTBFS bug. Closes: #440668.

-- Recai Oktaş <> Mon, 03 Sep 2007 18:24:02 +0300

pandoc (0.43) unstable; urgency=low

[ John MacFarlane ]

* The focus of this release is performance. The markdown parser
is about five times faster than in 0.42, based on benchmarks
with the TextMate manual.

* Main.hs: Replaced CRFilter and tabFilter with single function
tabFilter, which operates on the whole string rather than breaking
it into lines, and handles dos-style line-endings as well as tabs.

* Added separate LaTeX reader and native reader tests; removed
round-trip tests.

* Text.Pandoc.Shared:

+ Removed tabsToSpaces and tabsInLine (they were used only in Main.hs.)
+ General code cleanup (to elimante warnings when compiling with -Wall.)
+ Added 'wrapped' function, which helps wrap text into paragraphs,
using the prettyprinting library.
+ Rewrote charsInBalanced and charsInBalanced'.
- Documented restriction: open and close must be distinct characters.
- Rearranged options for greater efficiency.
- Bug fix: Changed inner call to charsInBalanced inside
charsInBalanced' to charsInBalanced'.
+ anyLine now requires that the line end with a newline (not eof).
This is a harmless assumption, since we always add newlines to the
end of a block before parsing with anyLine, and it yields a 10% speed
+ Removed unnecessary 'try' in anyLine.
+ Removed unneeded 'try' from romanNumeral parser.
+ Use notFollowedBy instead of notFollowedBy' in charsInBalanced.
+ Removed unneeded 'try' in parseFromString.
+ Removed unneeded 'try' from stringAnyCase. (Now it behaves
like 'string'.)
+ Changed definition of 'enclosed' in Text.Pandoc.Shared so that
'try' is not automatically applied to the 'end' parser. Added
'try' in calls to 'enclosed' where needed. Slight speed increase.

* Writers:

+ Replaced individual wrapping routines in RST, Man, and Markdown
writers with 'wrapped' from Text.Pandoc.Shared.
+ Rewrote LaTeX writer to use the prettyprinting library,
so we get word wrapping, etc.
+ Modified latex writer tests for new latex writer using prettyprinter.
+ Fixed bug in LaTeX writer: autolinks would not cause
'\usepackage{url}' to be put in the document header. Also, changes
to state in enumerated list items would be overwritten.
+ In Markdown writer, escape paragraphs that begin with ordered list
markers, so they don't get interpreted as ordered lists.

* Text.Pandoc.Reades.LaTeX:

+ Fixed bug in LaTeX reader, which wrongly assumed that the roman
numeral after "enum" in "setcounter" would consist entirely of
"i"s. 'enumiv' is legitimate.
+ LaTeX command and environment names can't contain numbers.
+ Rearranged order of parsers in inline for slight speed improvement.
+ Added '`' to special characters and 'unescapedChar'.

* Text.Pandoc.Readers.RST:

+ Removed unneeded try's in RST reader; also minor code cleanup.
+ Removed tabchar.
+ Rearranged parsers in inline (doubled speed).

* Text.Pandoc.Readers.Markdown:

+ Skip notes parsing if running in strict mode. (This yields a nice
speed improvement in strict mode.)
+ Simplify autolink parsing code, using Network.URI to test for
URIs. Added dependency on network library to debian/control and
+ More perspicuous definition of nonindentSpaces.
+ Removed unneeded 'try' in 'rawLine'.
+ Combined linebreak and whitespace into a new whitespace parser, to
avoid unnecessary reparsing of space characters.
+ Removed unnecessary 'try' in 'codeBlock', 'ellipses', 'noteMarker',
'multilineRow', 'dashedLine', 'rawHtmlBlocks'.
+ Use lookAhead in parsers for setext headers and definition lists
to see if the next line begins appropriately; if not, don't waste
any more time parsing.
+ Don't require blank lines after code block. (It's sufficient to
end code block with a nonindented line.)
+ Changed definition of 'emph': italics with '_' must not
be followed by an alphanumeric character. This is to help
prevent interpretation of e.g. [LC_TYPE]: my_type as
+ Improved in referenceLink: the two parts
of a reference-style link may be separated by one space, but not
more... [a] [link], [not] [a link].
+ Fixed markdown inline code parsing so it better accords with the marker for the end of the code section is a clump
of the same number of `'s with which the section began, followed
by a non-` character. So, for example,
` h ``` i ` -> <code>h ``` i</code>.
+ Split 'title' into 'linkTitle' and 'referenceTitle', since the
rules are slightly different.
+ Rewrote 'para' for greater efficiency.
+ Rewrote link parsers for greater efficiency.
+ Removed redundant 'referenceLink' in definition of inline (it's
already in 'link').
+ Refactored escapeChar so it doesn't need 'try'.
+ Refactored hrule for performance in Markdown reader.
+ More intelligent rearranging of 'inline' so that most frequently
used parsers are tried first.
+ Removed tabchar parser, as whitespace handles tabs anyway.

* Text.Pandoc.CharacterReferences:

+ Refactored.
+ Removed unnecessary 'try's for a speed improvement.
+ Removed unnecessary '&' and ';' from the entity table.

* Build process:

+ Makefile: Get VERSION from cabal file, not Main.hs.
+ Modified MacPorts Portfile:
- Depend on haddock
- Build and install libraries and library documentation in
addition to pandoc executable
- Added template item for md5 sum in
- Incorporated changes from MacPorts repository (r28278).
+ FreeBSD port: Don't try to generate distinfo in Makefile.
It can be made using 'make makesum' in FreeBSD.
+ Make both freebsd and macports targets depend on tarball.

* Website and documentation:

+ Updated INSTALL instructions.
+ Added pandocwiki demo to website.
+ Removed local references to Portfile, since pandoc is now in the
MacPorts repository.

-- Recai Oktaş <> Sun, 02 Sep 2007 15:50:11 +0300

pandoc (0.42) unstable; urgency=low

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Main.hs: Use utf8 conversion on the extra files loaded with
the -H, -C, -B, and -A options. This fixes problems with unicode
characters in these files.

* Exposed Text.Pandoc.ASCIIMathML, since it is imported in
Text.Pandoc.Readers.HTML and without it we get a linking error when
using the library.

* Markdown reader:

+ Added new rule for enhanced markdown ordered lists: if the list
marker is a capital letter followed by a period (including a
single-letter capital roman numeral), then it must be followed by
at least two spaces. The point of this is to avoid accidentally
treating people's initials as list markers: a paragraph might begin,
"B. Russell was an English philosopher," and this shouldn't be
treated as a list. Documented change in README.
+ Blocks that start with "p. " and a digit are no longer treated
as ordered lists (it's a page number).
+ Added a needed 'try' to listItem.
+ Removed check for a following setext header in endline.
A full test is too inefficient (doubles benchmark time), and the
substitute we had before is not 100% accurate.
+ Don't use Code elements for autolinks if --strict specified.

* LaTeX writer: When a footnote ends with a Verbatim environment, the
close } of the footnote cannot occur on the same line or an error occurs.
Fixed this by adding a newline before the closing } of every footnote.

* HTML writer:
+ Removed incorrect "{}" around style information in HTML tables.
Column widths now work properly in HTML.
+ If --strict option is specified (and --toc is not), don't include
identifiers in headers, for better Markdown compatibility.

* Build process:

+ Separated $(web_dest) and website targets.
+ In website, index.txt is now constructed from template
+ Added freebsd target to Markefile. This creates the freebsd Makefile
from, and creates distinfo. Removed Makefile and distinfo
from the repository.
+ Added macport target to Makefile. Portfile is built from template
+ Removed OSX package targets. (Too many difficulties involving
dependencies on dynamic libraries.)
+ More complete INSTALL instructions for all architectures.

* Website:
+ Added a programming demo, pandocwiki.

[ Recai Oktaş ]

* Do not forget to close pandoc's ITP. Closes: #391666

-- Recai Oktaş <> Sun, 26 Aug 2007 22:51:32 +0300

pandoc (0.41) unstable; urgency=low

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Fixed bugs in HTML reader:
+ Skip material at end *only if* </html> is present (previously,
only part of the document would be parsed if an error was
found; now a proper error message is given).
+ Added new constant eitherBlockOrInline with elements that may
count either as block-level or as inline. Modified isInline and
isBlock to take this into account.
+ Modified rawHtmlBlock to accept any tag (even an inline tag):
this is innocuous, because rawHtmlBlock is tried only if a regular
inline element can't be parsed.
+ Added a necessary 'try' in definition of 'para'.

* Fixed bug in markdown ordered list parsing. The problem was that
anyOrderedListStart did not check for a space following the
ordered list marker. So in 'A.B. 2007' the parser would be
expecting a list item, but would not find one, causing an error.
Fixed a similar bug in the RST reader. Resolves Issue #22.

* Refactored RST and Markdown readers using parseFromString.

* LaTeX reader will now skip anything after \end{document}.

* Fixed blockquote output in markdown writer: previously, block
quotes in indented contexts would be indented only in the first

* Added note to INSTALL about variations in versions of the xhtml
library that can lead to failed tests (thanks to Leif LeBaron).

-- Recai Oktaş <> Sun, 19 Aug 2007 23:26:07 +0300

pandoc (0.4) unstable; urgency=low

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Added two new output formats: groff man pages and ConTeXt. By
default, output files with extensions ".ctx" and ".context" are
assumed to be ConTeXt, and output files with single-digit extensions
are assumed to be man pages.

* Enhanced ordered lists (documented in README, under Lists):
+ The OrderedList block element now stores information about
list number style, list number delimiter, and starting number.
+ The readers parse this information when possible.
+ The writers use this information to style ordered lists.
+ The enhancement can be disabled using the --strict option.

* Added support for tables (with a new Table block element). Two kinds
of tables are supported: a simple table with one-line rows, and a
more complex variety with multiline rows. All output formats are
supported, but only markdown tables are parsed at the moment. The
syntax is documented in README.

* Added support for definition lists (with a new DefinitionList block
element). All output and input formats are supported. The syntax is
documented in README.

* Added support for superscripts and subscripts (with new Superscript
and Subscript inline elements). All input and output
formats. The syntax is documented in README.

* Added support for strikeout (with a new Strikeout inline element).
All input and output formats are supported. Thanks to Bradley Kuhn,
who contributed a patch. The syntax is documented in README. Resolves
Issue #18.

* Added a --toc|--table-of-contents option. This causes an automatically
generated table of contents (or an instruction that creates one) to
be inserted at the beginning of the document. Not supported in S5,
DocBook, or man page writers.

* Modified the -m|--asciimathml option:

+ If an optional URL argument is provided, a link is inserted
instead of the contents of the ASCIIMathML.js script.
+ Nothing is inserted unless the document actually contains
LaTeX math.

* Removed Blank block element as unnecessary.

* Removed Key and Note blocks from the Pandoc data structure. All
links are now stored as explicit links, and note contents are
stored with the (inline) notes.

+ All link Targets are now explicit (URL, title) pairs; there
is no longer a 'Ref' target.
+ Markdown and RST parsers now need to extract data from key and
note blocks and insert them into the relevant inline elements.
Other parsers have been simplified, since there is no longer any need
to construct separate key and note blocks.
+ Markdown, RST, and HTML writers need to construct lists of
notes; Markdown and RST writers need to construct lists of link
references (when the --reference-links option is specified); and
the RST writer needs to construct a list of image substitution
references. All writers have been rewritten to use the State monad
when state is required.
+ Several functions (generateReference, keyTable,
replaceReferenceLinks, replaceRefLinksBlockList, and some auxiliaries
used by them) have been removed from Text.Pandoc.Shared, since
they are no longer needed. New functions and data structures
(Reference, isNoteBlock, isKeyBlock, isLineClump) have been
added. The functions inTags, selfClosingTag, inTagsSimple, and
inTagsIndented have been moved to the DocBook writer, since that
is now the only module that uses them. NoteTable is now exported
in Text.Pandoc.Shared.
+ Added stateKeys and stateNotes to ParserState; removed stateKeyBlocks,
stateKeysUsed, stateNoteBlocks, stateNoteIdentifiers, stateInlineLinks.
+ Added writerNotes and writerReferenceLinks to WriterOptions.

* Added Text.Pandoc module that exports basic readers, writers,
definitions, and utility functions. This should export everything
needed for most uses of Pandoc libraries. The haddock documentation
includes a short example program.

* Text.Pandoc.ASCIIMathML is no longer an exported module.

* Added Text.Pandoc.Blocks module to help in printing markdown
and RST tables. This module provides functions for working with
fixed-width blocks of text--e.g., placing them side by side, as
in a table row.

* Refactored to avoid reliance on Haskell's Text.Regex library, which
(a) is slow, and (b) does not properly handle unicode. This fixed
some strange bugs, e.g. in parsing S-cedilla, and improved performance.

+ Replaced 'gsub' with a general list function 'substitute'
that does not rely on Text.Regex.
+ Rewrote extractTagType in HTML reader so that it doesn't use
+ In Markdown reader, replaced email regex test with a custom email
autolink parser (autoLinkEmail). Also replaced selfClosingTag regex
with a custom function isSelfClosingTag.
+ Modified Docbook writer so that it doesn't rely on Text.Regex for
detecting 'mailto' links.
+ Removed escapePreservingRegex and reamped entity-handling
functions in Text.Pandoc.Shared and Text.Pandoc.CharacterReferences to
avoid reliance on Text.Regex (see below on character reference
handling changes).

* Renamed Text.Pandoc.Entities as Text.Pandoc.CharacterReferences.

* Changed handling of XML entities. Entities are now parsed (and unicode
characters returned) in the Markdown and HTML readers, rather than being
handled in the writers. In HTML and Docbook writers, UTF-8 is now used
instead of entities for characters above 128. This makes the HTML and
DocBook output much more readable and more easily editable.

+ Removed sgmlHexEntity, sgmlDecimalEntity, sgmlNamedEntity, and
sgmlCharacterEntity regexes from Text.Pandoc.Shared.
+ Renamed escapeSGMLChar to escapeCharForXML. Added escapeStringForXML.
Moved both functions to Text.Pandoc.Writers.Docbook.
+ Added characterReference parser to Text.Pandoc.CharacterReferences.
This parses a string and return a unicode character.
+ Rewrote decodeCharacterReferences to use the new parser instead of
+ Added new charRef parser for Markdown and HTML, which replaces the
old 'entity' parser. Added '&' as a special character in Markdown reader.
+ Modified HTML and Markdown readers to call decodeEntities on all raw
strings (e.g. authors, dates, link titles), to ensure that no
unprocessed entities are included in the native representation of
the document. (In the HTML reader, most of this work is done by a
change in extractAttributeName.)
+ In XML and Markdown output, escape unicode nonbreaking space as '&nbsp;',
since a unicode non-breaking space is impossible to distinguish visually
from a regular space. (Resolves Issue #3.)
+ Removed encodeEntitiesNumerical.
+ Use Data.Map for entityTable and (new) reverseEntityTable, for a
slight performance boost over the old association list.
+ Removed unneeded decodeEntities from 'str' parser in HTML and
Markdown readers.

* Text.Pandoc.UTF8: Renamed encodeUTF8 to toUTF8, decodeUTF8 to
fromUTF8, for clarity.

* Replaced old haskell98 module names replaced by hierarchical module
names, e.g. List by Data.List. Removed haskell98 from dependencies
in pandoc.cabal, and added mtl (needed for state monad). Substituted
xhtml for html.

* Refactored and cleaned up character escaping in writers, using
backslashEscapes and escapeStringUsing functions.

* Instead of adding "\n\n" to the end of an input string in Main.hs,
this is now done in the readers. This makes the libraries behave
the way you'd expect from the pandoc program. Resolves Issue #10.

* URLs and email addresses in autolinks are now typeset as Code.

* In Main.hs, changed putStr to putStrLn -- mainly because MacOS X
doesn't display the whole output unless there's a line ending.

* Major code cleanup in all modules, for greater consistency, concision,
and readability.

* HTML reader:

+ Fixed several bugs (extractTagType, attribute parsing).
+ Remove Null blocks in lists of blocks when possible.
+ Allow HTML comments as raw HTML inline.

* Markdown reader:

+ Ordered list items may no longer begin with uppercase letters, or
letters greater than 'n'. (This prevents first initials and page
reference, e.g. 'p. 400', from being parsed as beginning lists.)
Also, numbers beginning list items may no longer end with ')',
which is now allowed only after letters. Note: These changes
may cause documents to be parsed differently. Users should take
care in upgrading.
+ Changed autoLink parsing to conform better to's
behavior. <> is not treated as a link, but
<>, <>, and <>
+ Cleaned up handling of embedded quotes in link titles. Now these are
stored as a '"' character, not as '&quot;'.
+ Use lookAhead parser for the 'first pass' (looking for reference keys),
instead of parsing normally, then using setInput to reset input. This
yields a slight performance boost.
+ Fixed several bugs in smart quote recognition.
+ Fixed bug in indentSpaces (which didn't properly handle
cases with mixed spaces and tabs).
+ Consolidated 'text', 'special', and 'inline' into 'inline'.
+ Fixed bug which allowed URL and title to be separated by multiple blank
lines in links and reference keys. They can be on separate lines but
can't have blank lines between them.
+ Correctly handle bracketed text inside inline footnotes and links,using
new function inlinesInBalanced. Resolves Issue #14.
+ Fixed bug in footnotes: links in footnotes were not being
processed. Solution: three-stage parse. First, get all the
reference keys and add information to state. Next, get all the
notes and add information to state. (Reference keys may be needed
at this stage.) Finally, parse everything else.
+ Replaced named constants like 'emphStart' with literals.
+ Removed an extra occurance of escapedChar in definition of inline.

* RST reader:

+ Allow the URI in a RST hyperlink target to start on the line
after the reference key.
+ Added 'try' in front of 'string', where needed, or used a different
parser. This fixes a bug where ````` would not be correctly parsed as
a verbatim `.
+ Fixed slow performance in parsing inline literals in RST reader. The
problem was that ``#`` was seen by 'inline' as a potential link or image.
Fix: inserted 'notFollowedBy (char '`')' in link parsers.
Resolves Issue #8.
+ Use lookAhead instead of getInput/setInput in RST reader. Removed
unneeded getState call, since lookAhead automatically saves and
restores the parser state.
+ Allow hyperlink target URIs to be split over multiple lines, and
to start on the line after the reference. Resolves Issue #7.
+ Fixed handling of autolinks.

* LaTeX reader:

+ Replaced 'choice [(try (string ...), ...]' idiom with 'oneOfStrings',
for clarity.
+ Added clauses for tilde and caret. Tilde is \ensuremath{\sim}, and
caret is \^{}, not \^ as before.
+ Added parsing for \url.
+ Parse \texttt{} as code, provided there's nothing fancy inside.

* HTML writer:

+ Modified HTML writer to use the Text.XHtml library. This results
in cleaner, faster code, and it makes it easier to use Pandoc in
other projects, like wikis, which use Text.XHtml. Two functions are
now provided, writeHtml and writeHtmlString: the former outputs an
Html structure, the latter a rendered string. The S5 writer is also
changed, in parallel ways (writeS5, writeS5String).
+ The Html header is now written programmatically, so it has been
removed from the 'headers' directory. The S5 header is still
needed, but the doctype and some of the meta declarations have
been removed, since they are written programatically. This change
introduces a new dependency on the xhtml package.
+ Fixed two bugs in email obfuscation involving improper escaping
of '&' in the <noscript> section and in --strict mode. Resolves
Issue #9.
+ Fixed another bug in email obfuscation: If the text to be obfuscated
contains an entity, this needs to be decoded before obfuscation.
Thanks to thsutton for the patch. Resolves Issue #15.
+ Changed the way the backlink is displayed in HTML footnotes.
Instead of appearing on a line by itself, it now generally
appears on the last line of the note. (Exception: when the
note does not end with a Plain or Para block.) This saves space
and looks better.
+ Added automatic unique identifiers to headers:
- The identifier is derived from the header via a scheme
documented in README.
- WriterState now includes a list of header identifiers and a table
of contents in addition to notes.
- The function uniqueIdentifiers creates a list of unique identifiers
from a list of inline lists (e.g. headers).
- This list is part of WriterState and gets consumed by blockToHtml
each time a header is encountered.
+ Include CSS for .strikethrough class in header only if strikethrough
text appears in the document.
+ If the 'strict' option is specified, elements that do not appear in
standard markdown (like definition lists) are passed through as
raw HTML.
+ Simplified treatment of autolinks, using pattern matching instead of

* Markdown writer:

+ Links in markdown output are now printed as inline links by default,
rather than reference links. A --reference-links option has been added
that forces links to be printed as reference links. Resolves Issue #4.
+ Use autolinks when possible. Instead of [](,
use <>.

* LaTeX writer:

+ Rewrote to use the State monad. The preamble now includes only those
packages that are actually required, given the document's content.
Thus, for example, if strikeout is not used, ulem is not required.
Modified LaTeXHeader accordingly.
+ Modified LaTeX writer to insert '\,' between consecutive quotes.
+ Removed unused function tableRowColumnWidths.
+ Simplified code for escaping special characters.
+ Leave extra blank line after \maketitle.
+ Include empty '\author{}' when no author specified to avoid LaTeX
+ Include fancyvrb code in header only if needed -- that is, only
if there is actually code in a footnote.
+ Use \url{} for autolinks.
+ Include [mathletters] option in ucs package, so that basic unicode
Greek letters will work correctly.

* RST writer: Force blank line before lists, so that sublists will
be handled correctly.

* Docbook writer: Fixed a bug: email links with text, like
[foo](me@bar.baz), were being incorrectly treated as autolinks.

* Removed Text.ParserCombinators.Pandoc and moved all its functions to

* Text.Pandoc.Shared:

+ Added defaultWriterOptions.
+ Added writerTableOfContents to WriterOptions.
+ Added writerIgnoreNotes option to WriterOptions. This is needed
for processing header blocks for a table of contents, since notes on
headers should not appear in the TOC.
+ Added prettyprinting for native Table format.
+ Removed some unneeded imports.
+ Moved escape and nullBlock parsers from
Text.ParserCombinators.Pandoc, since the latter is for
general-purpose parsers that don't depend on Text.Pandoc.Definition.
+ Moved isHeaderBlock from Text.Pandoc.Writers.HTML.
+ Moved Element, headerAtLeast, and hierarchicalize from Docbook
writer, because HTML writer now uses these in constructing a table
of contents.
+ Added clauses for new inline elements (Strikeout, Superscript,
Subscript) to refsMatch.
+ Removed backslashEscape; added new functions escapeStringUsing and
+ Moved failIfStrict from markdown reader, since it is now used also
by the HTML reader.
+ Added a 'try' to the definition of indentSpaces.
+ In definition of 'reference', added check to make sure it's not a note
+ Added functions: camelCaseToHyphenated, toRomanNumeral,
anyOrderedListMarker, orderedListmarker, orderedListMarkers,
charsInBalanced', withHorizDisplacement, romanNumeral
+ Fixed a bug in the anyLine parser. Previously it would parse an empty
string "", but it should fail on an empty string, or we get an error
when it is used inside "many" combinators.
+ Removed followedBy' parser, replacing it with the lookAhead parser from
+ Added some needed 'try's before multicharacter parsers, especially in
'option' contexts.
+ Removed the 'try' from the 'end' parser in 'enclosed', so that
'enclosed' behaves like 'option', 'manyTill', etc.
+ Added lineClump parser, which parses a raw line block up to and
including any following blank lines.
+ Renamed parseFromStr to parseFromString.
+ Added a 'try' to the 'end' parser in 'enclosed'. This makes errors in
the use of 'enclosed' less likely. Removed some now-unnecessary 'try's
in calling code.
+ Removed unneeded 'try' in blanklines.
+ Removed endsWith function and rewrote calling functions to use
isSuffixOf instead.
+ Added >>~ combinator.
+ Fixed bug in normalizeSpaces: Space:Str "":Space should compress to

* Refactored; added separate tests for tables.

* Shell scripts:

+ Added -asxhtml flag to tidy in html2markdown. This will
perhaps help the parser, which expects closing tags.
+ Modified markdown2pdf to run pdflatex a second time if --toc or
--table-of-contents was specified; otherwise the table of
contents won't appear.
+ Modified markdown2pdf to print a helpful message if the 'ulem'
LaTeX package is required and not found.

* Changes to build process:

+ Dropped support for compilation with GHC 6.4. GHC 6.6 or higher
is now required.
+ Removed cabalize and The repository now contains
pandoc.cabal itself.
+ Pandoc.cabal has been changed to pandoc.cabal, because HackageDB
likes the cabal file to have the same name as the tarball.
+ Expanded and revised the package description in pandoc.cabal.
Revised the package synopsis.
+ The tarball built by 'make tarball' now contains files built from
templates (including man pages and shell scripts), so pandoc can
be built directly using Cabal tools, without preprocessing.
+ Executable binaries are now stripped before installing.
+ Man pages are now generated from markdown sources, using pandoc's
man page writer.
+ Use HTML version of README (instead of RTF) in Mac OS X installer.
+ Instead of testing for the existence of a pandoc symlink in build-exec,
use ln -f.

* Documentation:

+ Updated README and man pages with information on new features.
+ Updated INSTALL instructions with some useful clarifications and
+ Updated web content.

* Added FreeBSD port.

[ Recai Oktaş ]

* debian/control:

+ Changed pandoc's Build-Depends to include libghc6-mtl-dev and
libghc6-xhtml-dev. Removed libghc6-html-dev.
+ Suggest texlive-latex-recommended | tetex-extra instead of
tetex-bin. This brings in fancyvrb and unicode support.

-- Recai Oktaş <> Tue, 16 Jan 2007 00:37:21 +0200

pandoc (0.3) unstable; urgency=low

[ John MacFarlane ]

* Changes in pandoc options:

+ Allow options to follow or precede arguments.
+ Changed '--smartypants' to '--smart' and adjusted symbols accordingly.
+ Added '--strict' option.
+ Added '-o/--output' option.
+ Added '--dump-args' and '--ignore-args' options (for use in wrappers).
+ Modified '-v' and '-h' output to go to STDERR, not STDOUT, and return
error conditions. This is helpful for writing wrappers.
+ Added copyright message to '-v' output, modeled after FSF messages.
+ Reformatted usage message so that it doesn't wrap illegibly.
+ Removed extra blanks after '-h' and '-D' output.

* Added docbook writer.

* Added implicit setting of default input and output format based
on input and output filename extensions. These defaults are
overridden if explicit input and output formats are specified using
'-t', '-f', '-r', or '-w' options. Documented in pandoc(1) man page

* Allow ordered list items to begin with (single) letters, as well
as numbers. The list item marker may now be terminated either by
'.' or by ')'. This extension to standard markdown is documented

* Revised footnote syntax. (See README for full details.) The
'[^1]' format now standard in markdown extensions is supported,
as are inline footnotes with this syntax: '^[My note.]'.
The earlier footnote syntax '^(1)' is no longer supported.

* Improved HTML representation of footnotes. All footnotes
are now auto-numbered and appear in an ordered list at the
end of the HTML document. Since the default appearance is now
acceptable, the old footnote styles have been removed from the
HTML header.

* Bug fixes:

+ Fixed a serious bug in the markdown, LaTeX, and RST readers.
These readers ran 'runParser' on processed chunks of text to handle
embedded block lists in lists and quotation blocks. But then
any changes made to the parser state in these chunks was lost,
as the state is local to the parser. So, for example, footnotes
didn't work in quotes or list items. The fix: instead of calling
runParser on some raw text, use setInput to make it the input, then
parse it, then use setInput to restore the input to what it was
before. This is shorter and more elegant, and it fixes the problem.
+ Fixed bug in notFollowedBy' combinator (adding 'try' before
'parser'). Adjusted code that uses this combinator accordingly.
+ Fixed bug in RTF writer that caused improper indentation on
footnotes occurring in indented blocks like lists.
+ Fixed parsing of metadata in LaTeX reader. Now the title, author,
and date are parsed correctly. Everything else in the preamble
is skipped.
+ Modified escapedChar in LaTeX reader to allow a '\' at the end of a
line to count as escaped whitespace.
+ Modified LaTeX reader to produce inline links rather than reference
links. Otherwise, links in footnotes aren't handled properly.
+ Fixed handling of titles in links in Markdown reader, so that
embedded quotation marks are now handled properly.
+ Fixed Markdown reader's handling of embedded brackets in links.
+ Fixed Markdown reader so that it only parses bracketed material
as a reference link if there is actually a corresponding key.
+ Revised inline code parsing in Markdown reader to conform to
markdown standard. Now any number of `s can begin inline code,
which will end with the same number of `s. For example, to
have two backticks as code, write ``` `` ```. Modified Markdown
writer accordingly.
+ Fixed bug in text-wrapping routine in Markdown and RST writers.
Now LineBreaks no longer cause wrapping problems.
+ Supported hexadecimal numerical entity references as well as
decimal ones.
+ Fixed bug in Markdown reader's handling of underscores and other
inline formatting markers inside reference labels: for example,
in '[A_B]: /url/a_b', the material between underscores was being
parsed as emphasized inlines.
+ Changed Markdown reader's handling of backslash escapes so that
only non-alphanumeric characters can be escaped. Strict mode
follows in only allowing a select group of punctuation
characters to be escaped.
+ Modified HTML reader to skip a newline following a <br> tag.
Otherwise the newline will be treated as a space at the beginning
of the next line.

* Made handling of code blocks more consistent. Previously, some
readers allowed trailing newlines, while others stripped them.
Now, all readers strip trailing newlines in code blocks. Writers
insert a newline at the end of code blocks as needed.

* Modified readers to make spacing at the end of output more consistent.

* Minor improvements to LaTeX reader:

+ '\thanks' now treated like a footnote.
+ Simplified parsing of LaTeX command arguments and options.
commandArgs now returns a list of arguments OR options (in
whatever order they appear). The brackets are included, and
a new stripFirstAndLast function is provided to strip them off
when needed. This fixes a problem in dealing with \newcommand
and \newenvironment.

* Revised RTF writer:

+ Default font is now Helvetica.
+ An '\f0' is added to each '\pard', so that font resizing works

* Moved handling of "smart typography" from the writers to the Markdown
and LaTeX readers. This allows great simplification of the writers
and more accurate smart quotes, dashes, and ellipses. DocBook can
now use '<quote>'. The '--smart' option now toggles an option in
the parser state rather than a writer option. Several new kinds
of inline elements have been added: Quoted, Ellipses, Apostrophe,
EmDash, EnDash.

* Changes in HTML writer:

+ Include title block in header even when title is null.
+ Made javascript obfuscation of emails even more obfuscatory,
by combining it with entity obfuscation.

* Changed default ASCIIMathML text color to black.

* Test suite:

+ Added --strip-trailing-cr option to diff in, for
compatibility with Windows.
+ Added regression tests with footnotes in quote blocks and lists.

* Makefile changes:

+ osx-pkg target creates a Mac OS X package (directory). New osx
directory contains files needed for construction of the package.
+ osx-dmg target creates a compressed disk image containing the package.
+ win-pkg target creates Windows binary package.
+ tarball target creates distribution source tarball.
+ website target generates pandoc's website automatically, including
demos. New 'web' directory containts files needed for construction
of the website (which will be created as the 'pandoc' subdirectory
of 'web').
+ Makefile checks to see if we're running Windows/Cygwin; if so,
a '.exe' extension is added to each executable in EXECS.

* Removed all wrappers except markdown2pdf and html2markdown.

* Added new wrapper hsmarkdown, to be used as a drop-in replacement
for hsmarkdown calls pandoc with the '--strict'
option and disables other options.

* Added code to html2markdown that tries to determine the character
encoding of an HTML file, by parsing the "Content-type" meta tag.

+ If the encoding can't be determined, then if the content is local,
the local encoding is used; if it comes from a URL, UTF-8 is used
by default.
+ If input is from STDIN, don't try to determine character encoding.
+ Encoding can be specified explicitly using '-e' option.

* Improved warning messages in wrappers:

+ Print warning if iconv not available
+ More user-friendly error messages in markdown2pdf, when
pdflatex fails.

* Code cleanup:

+ Renamed 'Text/Pandoc/HtmlEntities' module to
'Text/Pandoc/Entities'. Also changed function names so as
not to be HTML-specific.
+ Refactored SGML string escaping functions from HTML and Docbook
writers into Text/Pandoc/Shared. (escapeSGML, stringToSGML)
+ Removed 'BlockQuoteContext' from ParserContext, as it isn't
used anywhere.
+ Removed splitBySpace and replaced it with a general, polymorphic
splitBy function.
+ Refactored LaTeX reader for clarity (added isArg function).
+ Converted some CR's to LF's in src/ui/default/print.css.
+ Added license text to top of source files.
+ Added module data for haddock to source files.
+ Reformatted code for consistency.

* Rewrote documentation and man pages. Split README into INSTALL


* Removed TODO, since we now maintain ToDo on the wiki.

* Made COPYRIGHT in top level a symlink to debian/copyright, to avoid

[ Recai Oktaş ]

* Revamped build process to conform to debian standards and created
a proper debian package. Closes: #391666.

* Modified build process to support GHC 6.6.

+ The package can still be compiled using GHC 6.4.2, though because
of dependencies the "make deb" target works only with GHC 6.6+.
+ The script 'cabalize' is used to create an appropriate
'Pandoc.cabal' from '', depending on the GHC and
Cabal versions.

* Refactored template processing (

* Modified wrapper scripts to make them more robust and portable.
To avoid code duplication and ensure consistency, wrappers are
generated via a templating system from templates in src/wrappers.

+ Wrappers now accept multiple filenames, when appropriate.
+ Spaces and tabs allowed in filenames.
+ getopts shell builtin is used for portable option parsing.
+ Improved html2markdown's web grabber code, making it more robust,
configurable and verbose. Added '-e', '-g' options.

-- Recai Oktaş <> Fri, 05 Jan 2007 09:41:19 +0200

pandoc (0.2) unstable; urgency=low

* Fixed unicode/utf-8 translation

-- John MacFarlane <> Mon, 14 Aug 2006 00:00:00 -0400

pandoc (0.1) unstable; urgency=low

* Initial creation of debian package

-- John MacFarlane <> Mon, 14 Aug 2006 00:00:00 -0400
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