BSD-3-Clause licensed by Marek Fajkus
Maintained by [email protected]

Module documentation for 0.0.2.1

This version can be pinned in stack with:[email protected]:d82430a84f40a7105ee564397e6f4680e528cd611048cdd3cfc45f5b9b12c17e,3279

Wai middleware enforcing HTTPS protocol on any incoming request. In case of non-encrypted HTTP, traffic is redirected using 301 Permanent Redirect or optionally 307 Temporary Redirect.

Middleware has compatibility modes for various reverse proxies (load balancers) and therefore can be used with Heroku, Google Cloud (Ingress), Azure or any other type of PAS or Cloud provider.

Comparison with ForceSSL

Wai-Extra package comes with Network.Wai.Middleware.ForceSSL module exposing middleware intended for the same purpose. There are several practical weaknesses of this implementation compare to one provided by wai-enforce-https.

Behavior EnforceHTTPS (wai-enforce-https) ForceSSL (wai-extra)
Redirecting methods by default GET, HEAD (by default) All
Redirect status 301 (default) or 307 (optional) 307
Safe against header spoofing ✔ yes ❌ no
Forwarded spec compliant ✔ yes ❌ no
Configurable port ✔ yes ❌ no
Configurable host ✔ yes ❌ no
405 with Allow header support ✔ yes ❌ no

Overall, this package aims to be secure by default and configurable as much as possible to fit any specific needs.

Forwarded

In addition to the main functionality (enforcement of HTTPS) this package also comes with module for parsing and encoding Forwarded HTTP header.

Examples

This example is using warp-tls and runs 2 servers:

  • HTTP server on port 8080
  • HTTPS server on port 8443

if you open http://127.0.0.1:8080 in browser server returns redirect to https://127.0.0.1:8443

{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedStrings #-}

module Main where

import           Control.Concurrent                  (forkIO)
import           Network.HTTP.Types                  (status200)
import           Network.Wai                         (Application, responseLBS)
import           Network.Wai.Handler.Warp            (defaultSettings, run,
                                                      setPort)
import           Network.Wai.Handler.WarpTLS         (runTLS, tlsSettings)
import           Network.Wai.Middleware.EnforceHTTPS (EnforceHTTPSConfig (..))

import qualified Network.Wai.Middleware.EnforceHTTPS as EnforceHTTPS

handler :: Application
handler _ respond =
   respond $ responseLBS status200 [] "Hello over HTTPS"

httpsConf :: EnforceHTTPSConfig
httpsConf = EnforceHTTPS.defaultConfig { httpsPort = 8443 }

app :: Application
app = EnforceHTTPS.withConfig httpsConf handler

main :: IO ()
main = do
  let tls = tlsSettings "examples/cert.pem" "examples/key.pem"
  _ <- forkIO $ run 8080 app
  runTLS tls (setPort (httpsPort httpsConf) defaultSettings) app

Another common example is running server behind reverse proxy. Say for instance we want to host our app on Heroku while using its https support and make sure we redirect all HTTP traffic to HTTPS. Heroku is forwarding traffic with additional header containing information about protocol named x-forwarded-proto.

{-# LANGUAGE OverloadedStrings #-}

module Main where

import           Network.HTTP.Types                  (status200)
import           Network.Wai                         (Application, responseLBS)
import           Network.Wai.Handler.Warp            (runEnv)

import qualified Network.Wai.Middleware.EnforceHTTPS as EnforceHTTPS

handler :: Application
handler _ respond = respond $
  responseLBS status200 [] "Hello from behind proxy"

app :: Application
app = EnforceHTTPS.withResolver EnforceHTTPS.xForwardedProto handler

main :: IO ()
main = runEnv 8080 app

Bulding Examples

In order to run examples project must be build with examples flag:

$ cabal build -f examples

Changes

Revision history for wai-enforce-https

0.0.2.1 – 2020-03-09

  • Include README as an extra source file (relesable to hackage)
  • Fix module meta comment in Forwarded module

0.0.2 – 2020-03-01

  • Make Config record field strict
  • Add INLINE directive to some functions
  • Improve documentation

0.0.1 – 2019-01-19

  • First version. Released on an unsuspecting world.