Fill-in-the-blanks - A library factoring out substitution from ASTs.
It’s a pain to track de Bruijn indices yourself to implement capture-avoiding subsititution,
so this library provides some wrappers that help. One of the best libraries for this is
bound, which uses a clever representation to make
these operations safe and fast. The tradeoff is that you have to define a
for your expression functor, which in practice can be tricky. (It’s even trickier to derive
This library takes the simpler, slower, and rather “succ-y” free-monad-ish approach,
but with a twist. It expects you to rewrite all name-binding constructors in your expression
as annotations on a single “binder” constructor. This allows you to use the provided
type (or a variant) as a wrapper around your expression functor, which is only required to
Functor. This representation is less safe (since you can inspect and manipulate
bound variables), but if you stick to the provided combinators, things will work out fine.
You’ll get most of what you want by just importing this module unqualified.
Scope for the basic wrapper and
LocScope for a wrapper with annotations you can use
for source locations and the like. See the test suite for examples.